The Glory of the New Temple. And it was ten, It was then necessary for him to speak in a manner suitable to the comprehension of the people, as a skillful teacher who instructs children and those of riper age in a different manner. The victims were also bad, Malachias i. 16.From the time you came to a heap of twenty, What sort of an obligation must it be? We hence perceive the object of the Prophet: but I shall run over the words, that the subject may become more evident. He repeats what he had said, even from the twenty-fourth day of the ninth month. Haggai 2:15 And now, I pray you, consider from this day and upward, from before a stone was laid upon a stone in the temple of the LORD:. We see how emphatical is this repetition, because in things evident the Jews were so insensible that their want and famine could not touch them: and we know that there is no sharper goad to stimulate men than famine. Haggai 2:15 Context. The uncleanness was the reason the land was so unproductive (see Haggai 2:15–17), but when the Jews had repented and begun the work on the temple (see v. 18), the curse was to be lifted and the Lord promised His blessing (see v. 19). He then adds affirmatively, neither the vine, nor the fig tree, nor the pomegranate, nor the olive had yet produced any thing; for it was the ninth month of the year; and the beginning of the year, we know, was in the month of March. 2:10-19; and Hag. The day of the prophet"s message. But the answer to this may be readily given: I indeed allow that it often happens that those who sincerely and from the heart serve God, are deprived of earthly blessings, because God intends to elevate their minds to the hope of eternal reward. Lay it then on your heart, he says, from this day, etc. Ver. 2:20-13). consider — literally, “lay it to heart.” Ponder earnestly, retracing the past “upward” (that is, backward), comparing what evils heretofore befell you before ye set about this work, with the present time when you have again commenced it, and when in consequence I now engage to “bless you.” Hence ye may perceive the evils of disobedience and the blessing of obedience. Haggai 2:14 : Haggai 2:16 >> The Berean: Daily Verse and Comment Sign up for the Berean: Daily Verse and Comment, and have Biblical truth delivered to your inbox. But now, as you have begun to work at my temple, I will remove the scourge. When therefore any one obeys God, only that he may satisfy his appetite, it is as though one labored from day to day for the sake of wages, and then disregards him by whom he has been hired. I now return to the subject itself. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. I pray you: he affectionately entreats them to observe. It is on this account that the Prophet often declares, that the Jews were extremely insensible; for they did not consider the judgements of God, which were so manifest. Let us then know, that this was only the beginning, that they might learn to fear God and to expect whatever they wanted from his blessing, and also that they might shake off their stupor, under which they had previously labored. The first (1:1-15) was on the first day of the sixth month in the second year of Darius (1:1, August 29, 520 B.C.). God, then, had in this case given proofs of his curse. Jerome reads, in the bud; and the probable reason why he thus rendered the word was, that he thought that the clauses would not correspond without giving the meaning of bud to מגורה, megure; but, as I think, he was mistaken. 11 Hans Walter Wolff, “Haggai: A Commentary,” (Augsburg Publishing House: Minneapolis, 1988), 50. grandiosity of the Solomonic temple the people are reminded again how it will be accomplished; through the presence of the Lord. And he shows by evidences that the Jews were unthankful to God, for they neglected the building of the Temple, and every one was diligently and earnestly engaged in building his own house. It is certain that such a service is counted as nothing before God; but he would have himself to be generously worshipped by us; and he loves, as Paul says, a cheerful giver. When I say that the Prophet acted thus towards the Jews, I speak not of the whole nation; but I regard what we have observed at the beginning of this book—that the Jews cared for nothing then but to build their own houses, and that there was no zeal for religion among them. They had been for many years distressed with want of sustenance; but, when fruitfulness of a sudden followed, did not this change manifest something worthy of their consideration? Post navigation haggai 2:7 commentary. The last three of Haggai's four messages are found in this second chapter (Hag. Amos 2:15 New International Version ... Haggai 2:22. ii. John Trapp Complete Commentary. And now, I pray you, consider from this day and upward, from before a stone was laid upon a stone in the temple of the LORD: since those days were, when one came to an heap of twenty measures, there were but ten: when one came to the press vat for to draw out fifty vessels out of the press, there were but twenty. (1 Corinthians 2:6.). — Haggai was, in a … We see then, that the Prophet dwells on two things,—he condemns the Jews for their neglect, and proves that they were impious and ungrateful towards God, for they disregarded the building of the Temple; and them, in order to animate them and render them more active in the work they had begun, he sets before them, as I have said, what had taken place. Some, indeed, render the words in the past tense, as though the Prophet had said, that the Jews had already experienced how great the curse of God was; but this is a forced view. Haggai 2:11-14. But some one may here raise an objection and say, that these evidences are not sure or unvaried; since it often happens, that when people devote themselves faithfully to the service of God they are pressed down by adverse events; yea, that God very often designedly tries their faith by withholding from them for a time his blessing. (Commentary on the Old Testament, 10:2:204–5.) Before a stone was laid upon a stone; the prophet meaneth either before they began to lay one stone upon another in the foundation laid in Cyrus’s time, or before they began to lay the foundation of the walls of the courts and outward edifices. But is that high enough to reach up to God? Posted on January 19, 2021 by January 19, 2021 by He now subjoins, Is there yet seed in the barn? And upward, through past years; trace year after year, and your successes and disappointments in them, observe all years past before you would set upon the rebuilding of the temple after you had intermitted it; some years passed, ten, or fifteen, or twenty, or forty, (or more say some,) between your surceasing from the work and beginning to rebuild. But, in my judgement, the seed refers not to what had been gathered, but to what had been sown. And with hail, even all the work of your hands; Affliction will harden the heart, if not referred to God as its author [MOORE]. God then designedly withdraws his blessing often from the faithful, that they may hunger and thirst in this world; as though they lost all their labor in serving him. Haggai would tell these two leaders to rally the people to return and assume the real task at hand, to build spiritual things first. 14 Then Haggai said, “‘So it is with this people and this nation in my sight,’ declares the Lord. I therefore doubt not but that he speaks of God’s blessing on the harvest which was to come after five months, to which I shall presently refer. God had, indeed, abundantly testified, by various kinds of punishment that he was displeased with them: but when he now promises that he would deal differently with them, there hence arises a new and a stronger evidence. What he had in view was, to show that he brought a sure message from God; for he speaks not of a vintage the prospect of which had already appeared, nor of a harvest when the ears had already made their appearance. And now, I pray you, consider from this day and upward, from before a stone was laid upon a stone in the temple of the LORD: Before — Before you would set upon the re-building of the temple after you had intermitted it. Haggai 2:19. from before a stone was laid upon a stone in the temple of the Lord: the foundation of the temple was laid quickly after the Jews returned from Babylon, upon the proclamation of Cyrus, Ezra 3:10 but, through difficulties and discouragements they met with, they desisted from the work, and went no further; a stone was not laid upon it; or, as the Targum, a row, or course upon course, until this time: and now all the intermediate space of time between the first laying the foundation of the temple, and their present going to work upon it, the prophet would have them take particular notice of; how it had been with them, as to their outward circumstances; whereby it would appear, they had sinned, and the Lord had been offended with them. Lay it on the heart, he says; that is, Consider what I am going to say; from this day and heretofore, (153) he says, before a stone was laid on a stone; that is, from that day when I began to exhort you to build the Temple, consider what has happened to this very day. But as they had their thoughts fixed on meat and drink, and were intent on their private advantages, the Prophet tells them what they could comprehend that God was angry with them, and that the proofs of his curse were evident, as the earth did not produce fruit, and they themselves were reduced to want. In the first and the last of these, one finds two prophecies of the kingdom of our Lord Jesus Christ. Haggai 1:1 - In the second year of Darius the king, on the first day of the sixth month, the word of the Lord came by the prophet Haggai to Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to Joshua the son of Jehozadak, the high priest, saying, on StudyLight.org From this day; this twenty-fourth day of the ninth month, Haggai 2:10. Here is also foretold the establishment and continuance of the kingdom of Christ; by union with whom his people are sealed with the Holy Ghost, sealed with his image, thus distinguished from all others. ye have not returned to me.”. Whence has it happened, he says, that at one time your fruit has been destroyed by mildew, at another by heat, and then by the hail, except that the Lord intended thus to correct your neglect? V. THE EXALTATION OF ZERUBBABEL Haggai 2:20-23. “But ye turned not to me,” literally, “But ye not to me;” perhaps the meaning is, “Ye ascribed it not to me,” that is, the judgment previously mentioned, or, “Ye attended not to me:” but the verb [ שבתם ] is commonly thought to be understood. Lay it, he says, on your heart from this day, and heretofore, etc. Before a stone was laid . .—Alluding to the recent resumption of building, not to the laying of the foundations fifteen years previously. From this day will I bless you. . The religious sentiment cannot be rightly felt except in the Christian way--by looking up to God as our Father with childlike confidence, united with awful veneration. ‘Whatever they do and whatever they offer there is defiled. 6. The expression literally is, “From your being to come,” i.e from the time in which you came, and found out the deficiency. And he says, In every work of your hands. Before a stone was laid . upward = above, as to place; backward, as regards time; as explained. Without this, the building will cumber the ground; with it, it will become in very deed the house of God, and the gate of heaven. 1. But as men, for the most part, on account of their ignorance, cannot be led at first to this generous state of mind, so as to devote themselves willingly to God, it is necessary to begin by using other means, as the Prophet does here, who promises earthly and daily sustenance to the Jews, for he saw that they could not immediately, at the first step, ascend upwards to heaven; but it was not his purpose to stop short, until he elevated their minds higher. And the priests answered and said, No. 2. The truth of the prophecy might now be surely known, when God fulfilled what he had spoken by the mouth of his servant. From this day and upward] To the end that when I shall have blessed you with greater plenty, as Haggai 2:19, ye may recognize your sins, the cause of your calamities, and, remembering (as Jacob did his baculinam paupertatem, Genesis 32:10) your former penury, you may thankfully cry out with that noble Iphicrates; From how hungry to how plentiful an estate am I raised ( εξ οιων εις οια)! And now, I pray you, consider from this day and upward, from before a stone was laid upon a stone in the temple of the LORD: When one came to a heap for twenty measures; And now consider, I pray yon, from this day. From this day and forward, Then he adds, And you returned not to me, that is, “During the whole of that time I effected nothing, while I was so often and in such various ways chastising you. So. 15 “‘Now give careful thought to this from this day on [ c ] —consider how things were before one stone was laid on another in the Lord ’s temple. I am under the necessity of joining all these verses together, for the Prophet treats of the same thing: and the import of the whole is this—that the Lord had then openly punished the tardiness of the people, so that every one might have easily known that they acted very inconsistently in attending only to their private concerns, so as to neglect the Temple. The overthrow of the nations Haggai 2:20-22. The object of the service of this house is to keep before the eyes of men a standard of character higher than they meet with in common business and care. But it was not the Prophet’s design to propound here an evidence of an unvarying character, as he counted it sufficient to convince the Jews by experience, that nothing prevented them from acknowledging that their avarice displeased God, except their extreme stupidity. The real meaning of the Prophet is this, Is there yet seed in the barn? As then there was still danger from the hail, from scorching winds, and also from rains and other things injurious to fruit and produce of the land, he says, that the harvest would be most abundant, the vintage large, that, in a word, the produce of the olive and the fig tree would be most exuberant. 15. The establishment of the kingdom of God and the exaltation of Zerubbabel Haggai 2:23. In the second year of Darius the king, in the sixth month, in the first day of the month, came the word of the LORD by Haggai the prophet unto Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to Joshua the son of Josedech, the high … And yet what good has the obduracy of your hearts done you? But now, do consider from this day onward: before one stone was placed on another in the temple of the Lord , To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, And now, I pray you, consider from this day and upward, from before a stone was laid upon a stone in the temple of the Lord, From before a stone was laid upon a stone, ‘We speak wisdom among those who are perfect.’. And now, I pray you, consider] Heb. He makes the application of the second answer given, ver. The dried grapes yielded so little. This religious sentiment may become a religious principle. It is therefore no wonder that the Prophet treated them in the manner stated here. The Lord maketh poor and maketh rich; he bringeth low, and lifteth up," 1 Samuel 2:5; 1 Samuel 2:7. Haggai 2:15–19 15 ‘But now, do 1 a consider from this day 2 onward: before one b stone was placed on another in the temple of the Lord , 16 1 from that time when one came to a grain heap of twenty measures, there would be only ten; and when one came to the wine vat to draw fifty 2 measures, there would be only twenty. They all make frequent use of the title ''The Lord of Hosts.'' Haggai 2:15-17. I redressed not your miseries. .—Alluding to the recent resumption of building, not to the laying of the foundations fifteen years previously. The meaning is not doubtful, viz., looking backwards from the time when the building of the temple … Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi are the three prophets to the restored remnant that returned from Babylon. From the time of setting a stone on a stone The religious sentiment, then, embracing the idea of obligation, is that which the service of this house is meant to inspire and cherish. 3. From the time you came to a heap of twenty. Let us proceed -, If we retain this meaning, we must consider this verse, and its repetition in verse 18, as the commencement of a sentence, which is completed at the end of verse 19, as intervening clauses. The temple was a type of that Church of which every individual believer is a living stone. 13 Then said Haggai, If one that is unclean by a dead body touch any of these, shall it be unclean? 16 When anyone came to a heap of twenty measures, there were only ten. https://www.insight.org/resources/bible/the-minor-prophets/haggai And the Prophet often repeats the same thing, in order to shame the Jews; for their tardiness being so often reproved, ought to have made them ashamed. (2 Corinthians 6:7.) 4. 1. Teaching. (15) From this day and upward—i.e., backward. Haggai 2 New King James Version (NKJV) The Coming Glory of God’s House. And what the Prophet testifies here respecting the fruitful produce of wine, and corn, and oil, and of other things, was still, as I have said, a stronger confirmation. ; and it is more consistent with the context. To sum up the first message: These places of worship are strongholds of the religious principle of the community. From before a stone was laid upon a stone] i.e. He shows by proofs their conduct,—How? 18.Take, I pray, notice; The only thing in the form of religious sentiment which can do any good to the soul is that which recognises God, not as a mere existence, or mere abstraction, but as the author of life and blessing to all that live. And the pomegranate and the olive, it hath not borne;— He then mentions the hail: for when famine happens only from the cold or from the heat, it may be ascribed to chance or to the stars: but when God employs various scourges, we are then constrained to acknowledge his wrath, as though he were determined to awaken us. It then follows, that you are convicted of ingratitude by these judgements; for you have neglected God’s worship, and only pursued your own private advantages. If the priorities of our heart are wrong, nothing we do is really holy to God. The commentary on the books of Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi by Anthony R. Petterson, who teaches Old Testament and Hebrew at Morling College in Australia, is a recent installment in the Apollos Old Testament Commentary series (AOTC). Your victims have purified you no more than holy flesh wrapped up in a garment would sanctify it, (Calmet) or other things which it does not immediately touch. Haggai reminds them that their presence in the Promised Land doesn't make everything they do holy. It was time for the people to do some serious self-examination before the Lord. “Fifty measures;” [ פורה ] is rendered by the Septuagint μετρητὰς— “baths;” by Jerome, “Lagenas —flagons.” The word means here evidently a vessel to measure the wine from the vat; what quantity it contained is not known. 3. HAGGAI 2. from this day. Indifference — calamity; Zeal — prosperity Haggai 2:15-19. This is one thing. The necessity of the duty pressed. (Read Haggai 2:20-23) The Lord will preserve Zerubbabel and the people of Judah, amidst their enemies. 16 When anyone came to a heap of twenty measures, there were only ten. The Book of Haggai consists of four precisely dated messages from the Lord. And now, I pray you, consider] Heb. Verses 1-15. In the month of November no opinion could be formed, even by the most skillful, what produce they were to expect. The word consider means to give careful thought to. From the day in which was founded But let all saints sing with holy Hannah, "They that were full have hired themselves out for bread; and they that were hungry ceased. Then he adds, Before ye began, he says, to build the Temple, was it not that every one who came to a heap of twenty measures found only ten? 15.And now take, I pray, notice; Of the Lord; so much the greater their sin, for that it was the Lord’s temple was slighted. 13. 2. This then might have been easily known by them had they not hardened themselves in their vices. because God had dried up the ears, so they yielded not what they used to do; for husband men, by long experience, can easily conjecture what they may expect when they see the gathered harvest; but this prospect had disappointed the husband men. Now, if any one objects again and says—that this was of no value, because a servile and mercenary service does not please God: to this I answer—that God does often by such means stimulate men, when he sees them to be extremely tardy and slothful, and that he afterwards leads them by other means to serve him truly and from the heart. As then they were still in suspense, the Prophet says, that God’s blessing was in readiness for them. Since God, then, impressed clear marks of his wrath on their common sustenance, it was an intolerable stupidity in them to disregard these. See the Structure (and "if"); and note on Haggai 2:19. Lay it, he says, on your heart. And Haggai said, “If one who is unclean because of a dead body touches any of these, will it be unclean?” So the priests answered and said, “It shall be unclean.” … Haggai 1 Zechariah 1 ... An integrated digital Bible study library - including complete notes from the NIV Study Bible and the NKJV MacArthur Study Bible, 2nd Edition - is just a step away! from before a stone was laid upon a stone in the temple of the Lord. As to the meaning of the Prophet there is no ambiguity, for he intended to teach them that they were in various ways visited, that they might clearly perceive that God was displeased with them. Referring to past time, before the foundation was laid. and the priests answered and said, It shalbe vncleane. From this day and forward, I smote you with blight, and with mildew, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. This being their case, and they so polluted with sin, particularly through their neglect of building the temple; they are most earnestly and importunately entreated to "lay" it "to their hearts", to ponder it in their minds, and thoroughly consider how it had fared with them from this twenty fourth day of the ninth month, in which the prophet was sent unto them to encourage them in their work, and upwards or backwards, for some years past: even. It is an obligation to lead respectable and decent lives. The Temple of Jehovah;—take notice; 19.Is yet the seed in the granary?— He afterwards adds, I have smitten you with the east wind: for שדפון, shidafun, is to be taken for a scorching wind; and the east wind proved injurious to Judea by its dryness. Our great care should be that our “house for God” answers the purpose for which it is set apart,--that of awakening and confirming religious principle in those who worship within its walls. for instead of fifty casks he found only twenty. See Ezra 3:8; Ezra 5:2. Haggai 2:15 Context 12 If one bear holy flesh in the skirt of his garment, and with his skirt do touch bread, or pottage, or wine, or oil, or any meat, shall it be holy? It is easy to apply the first answer, ver. If there is a God, He is a living person, standing in a certain relation to us, and having certain claims which must be answered. Lay it upon your heart, as Haggai 1:5; {See Trapp on "Haggai 1:5 "} The often repetition of this precept sets forth, 1.The necessity of the duty pressed. Haggai 2:15-23 New International Version (NIV) 15 “‘Now give careful thought to this from this day on[ a]—consider how things were before one stone was laid on another in the Lord’s temple. Resumed from Haggai 2:15 after Haggai 2:16 Haggai 2:17, that the blessing in Haggai 2:19 may stand in the more marked contrast with the curse in Haggai 2:16 Haggai 2:17. And came to the vat to draw fifty measures, I am aware of a formatting issue in the NIV '84 edition. 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