A SEMICONDUCTOR INJECTION-SWITCHED HIGH-PRESSURE SUB-10-PICOSECOND CARBON DIOXIDE LASER AMPLIFIER by Michael Kon Yew Hughes B.Sc. WINSEM2017-18 ECE1007 TH TT715 VL2017185004598 Reference Material I the Semiconductor Injection Laser - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt / .pptx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. 0000043874 00000 n The dependence of the gain‐switched pulse width and pulse energy on various input parameters such as drive current amplitude, bias current, and spontaneous emission factor, etc., can be predicted in a simple manner. 0000002159 00000 n The presented devices are monolithic and have typical dimensions of a few millimetre in length and some hundreds of micrometer in width. G H M van Tartwijk 1 and D Lenstra 1. 2383 Total … Here the metal contacts shown are used to connect the P-N material to the DC power supply. Volume 22, Part C, Pages iii-xix, 1-333 (1985) Download full volume. It has been found that this dependence significantly affects the injection locking properties, giving rise to a peculiar asymmetric tuning curve and dynamic instability. In semiconductor injection laser, narrow line bandwidth is of the order? It is why we use to semiconductor laser the n… Keywords: Injection Locking, Semiconductor Laser, Phase Noise, DFB laser 1. 0000010939 00000 n References. William T. Silfvast, in Encyclopedia of Physical Science and Technology (Third Edition), 2003. 0000005844 00000 n Also, there have beenmanypaperswhich studied chaossynchronization insemi-conductor laser systems [12]–[32]. A scheme of a diode laser is shown in Fig. A spectral description of an injected semiconductor laser is presented for usual injected power (> 30 dBm), by mapping out several phenomena, such as bistable areas, undamped relaxation and chaos synchronization. 1.1 Semiconductor Lasers Semiconductor lasers in their simplest form consist of a single pn-junction within a laser cavity, formed by two mirrors. Edge emission is suitable for adaptation to feedback waveguide. Also see diode.. A laser diode, also known as an injection laser or diode laser, is a semiconductor device that produces coherent radiation (in which the waves are all at the same frequency and phase) in the visible or infrared (IR) spectrum when current passes through it. Scr. %PDF-1.4 %���� 0000002796 00000 n In reality a semiconductor laser is simply a semiconductor diode, because its active medium is the junction of the forward biased P-N diode, shown as. Optical injection in semiconductor ring lasers W. Coomans,∗S. Introduction Complex dynamical systems often exhibit extreme or rare events. Edge emitting LED. 0000084048 00000 n h�b```f``)e`c`�`f@ a�;GC �����`��i��1(�a��Ȃ �c �;l�,8YX|��`4d|���E�dQ In class-B lasers, experimental synchroniza-tion between two chaotic laser systems has been demonstrated in solid-state lasers [10] and CO lasers [11]. guided laser was housed in an ILX Lightwave Model 4412 laser mount; the laser’s case tem-perature and injection current were manipu-lated using a computer-interfaced ILX Light Motivation for concern about mode hopping Mode hopping in semiconductor lasers is undesirable in many applications since it intro-duces unwanted intensity noise. In other words, current is injected into the junction between N and P type materials. 0000043433 00000 n 1,2 This is very attractive since it may allow one to achieve large modulation bandwidths with conventional semiconductor lasers at room temperature, avoiding the use of advanced devices and the need for complicated fabrication techniques. Bistability and hysteresis in an optically injected two-section semiconductor laser A. Pimenov,1 ,* E. A. Viktorov, 23 S. P. Hegarty, 4 ,5T. Laser diodes are used in optical fiber systems, compact disc players, laser printers, remote-control devices, … Lasers. • Demonstration of room-temperature, continuous-wave operation of the first bipolar cascade laser. injected semiconductor lasers subject to external optical feedback for the first time. injected semiconductor laser [18], researches are limited to the condition where the laser is injected with an optical signal of constant intensity. Keywords: Injection Locking, Semiconductor Laser, Phase Noise, DFB laser 1. Optically Injected Semiconductor Laser Bowen Zhang ,DanZhu, Member, IEEE, Hao Chen, Yuewen Zhou, and Shilong Pan , Senior Member, IEEE Abstract—A microwave frequency measurement system utiliz-ing the optical injection technology in a semiconductor laser is proposed. Only the photons that leave the cavity from the mirrors constitute useful output. About this page. High-Speed Modulation of Optical Injection-Locked Semiconductor Lasers Ming C. Wu, Connie Chang-Hasnain, Erwin K. Lau, Xiaoxue Zhao Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA Tel: +1-510-643-0808. A laser diode, (LD), injection laser diode (ILD), or diode laser is a semiconductor device similar to a light-emitting diode in which a diode pumped directly with electrical current can create lasing conditions at the diode's junction. xref We report on directional mode switching in semiconductor ring lasers through optical injection co-propagating with the lasing mode. 0000003446 00000 n References. The semiconductor is made in unique manner for the semiconductor laser. Locking and unlocking phenomena in optically injected semiconductor lasers have been extensively studied. 0000007031 00000 n 0000043055 00000 n Examples in nature include earthquakes, hurricanes, financial crises, and epileptic attacks, to name just a few [1]. 0000006190 00000 n 0000010551 00000 n Semiconductor Lasers• Laser diode is similar in principle to an LED.• What added geometry does a Laser diode require? semiconductor laser with a single-frequency optical injection, we calculate the asymptotic width of the locking range. $f���p0Tde�� γk�R8��/%#А��ŕrqs��������Y��:A���-�Ţ��'a�Q���ť�8��,H���<9W>�4L�c�z�q�����LN"j`��:9@�� �����f�;y,>.3�ɁF7/���"Qp�s� �����_8��;�������;���Bc��9V@.d�1���YH�k!Xë��W�~;�H��o�e��J��W���T�A��+��%lV�x�D�2�y��ݯ�qY��4b����I+(`&ȹ6S�J9&�;I�=6�� �K���ɡ���+mQ� �v4���QPģ�q����`%c���X�fҀ1%:�p&0 SEMICONDUCTOR laser exposed to external perturba- tions, like delayed feedback and optical injection, is a very interesting system from the point of view of nonlinear dynamics. A prime Tsang. VI.D Semiconductor Lasers. This narrow bandwidth is useful in minimizing the effects of material dispersion. �0D���c�€�$��,�qw��yቶ� 0000098463 00000 n optical feedback, external optical injection, and injection cur-rent modulation. 20m��,������2�q�J%�%S��x�D�gg�E�b�LI�������Z�ŶZ���n۵uɞV��N�q*���!~?E��n�X\i��:�����-r��33���������Ů�v={]U?P��X&.wT�$�"�AUP��әWu�.����1�UP,���?��A��j�uS���}-�;��h�L)%i�Byy;��M�]ל��K� ��p{v�Ba.��B��>2)� S��a��%[D�Ȳ���R�Li��1�S-I��?�}����L��Li���!�c�����*����O�y�-�}�gB�����d�'�-,��=Ι#�d���Q�����> �*>4�+��On��D���șI��V��D_v�q��eG�f4&�}O3cD"���"���fTyNn�޹�����x��mYo����e�E��u׎��D�i��}& HCi���r���لV���L[-w���5)�z�a���d +����J,r�ʠu*$@��&�&( �����ߎn�����t���jL���/ ���- D���h�s�{E"�F>5N�� VI.D Semiconductor Lasers. The junction shown is few micrometers thick. 0000012931 00000 n 0000008333 00000 n opto We report on electrically driven amplified spontaneous emission and lasing in tetracene single crystals using field-effect electrodes for efficient electron and hole injection. 0000064116 00000 n Opt. We report on directional mode switching in semiconductor ring lasers through optical injection co-propagating with the lasing mode. Download as PDF. |��UQ����r��A]zPG uM��w ��.N�5���S@P10 Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd Quantum and Semiclassical Optics: Journal of the European Optical Society Part B, Volume 7, Number 2 Citation G H M van Tartwijk and D Lenstra 1995 Quantum Semiclass. 0000009575 00000 n In section 2, we give the system configuration and the corresponding mathematical model. 0000006897 00000 n �nF��2O4ϔ?�^lpyQ K�Ԗ��Οx� (>)���p{�%K�L7��gIq����51�� 0000001968 00000 n Devices which switch by redistributing a nearly constant number of carriers within the active region should be faster, although less stable, than systems whose transitions are attended by large changes in carrier numbers. 0000002013 00000 n GaAs double heterostructure semiconductor injection lasers which now exhibit more than 25000 h cw room temperature lifetime are of great interest for future use as directly modulated transmitters for high bit-rate fiber optical communications. 0000003776 00000 n The limiting factors in short pulse generation by gain switching of semiconductor lasers are analyzed using an approach parallel to conventional Q switching analysis. Fax: +1-510-643-6637. WINSEM2017-18_ECE1007_TH_TT715_VL2017185004598_Reference Material I_The Semiconductor injection Laser.pptx - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt / .pptx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. An optically injected semiconductor laser or semiconductor laser with optical feedback is frequently used as a chaotic laser source, since broad-band chaotic signals can be obtained by optical control. 0000001883 00000 n Henry (STLH) theory of laser linewidth in the instance of semiconductor injection lasers. In sections 3 and 4, the dynamics of the optical feedback system and the optical injection system are briefly reviewed, respectively. Please see: Retraction - November 01, 2002; Abstract. Beri, †G. Abstract: The noise of injection-locked semiconductor lasers is analyzed by rate equations including the spontaneous emission noise. endstream endobj 192 0 obj <> endobj 193 0 obj <> endobj 194 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>> endobj 195 0 obj <> endobj 196 0 obj <> endobj 197 0 obj <> endobj 198 0 obj <> endobj 199 0 obj <> endobj 200 0 obj <> endobj 201 0 obj <> endobj 202 0 obj <> endobj 203 0 obj <> endobj 204 0 obj <>stream Figures. Figures. 0000007734 00000 n Faulty data can be exploited in various ways to break the security measures of an Integrated Circuit. 0000006469 00000 n Few studies have been done on the nonlinear dynamics of a semiconductor laser subjects to a non-constant optical injection. Download as PDF. A laser diode, (LD), injection laser diode (ILD), or diode laser is a semiconductor device similar to a light-emitting diode in which a diode pumped directly with electrical current can create lasing conditions at the diode's junction. 0000032816 00000 n Few studies have been done on the nonlinear dynamics of a semiconductor laser subjects to a non-constant optical injection. A semiconductor injection laser which emits a beam of radiation having improved beam divergence has a body of semiconductor material including a first region of one conductivity type, a second region of the opposite conductivity type and a third region of either conductivity type between the first and second regions and forming a PN junction with one of the first or second regions. in an injection locked semiconductor laser with a coincident reduction in parasitic chirp. ^���@�6 �|Ϭ0�لߺ �+6t�j�2CI��'b:��ɂ�+N���-��e�f�V��J==-��l�f��.�4�d�q�����~��C���5�"�Z�|b������&�%\��8_�c��8����^�P4(7I(�5*���!��A*T7à�B�W|�Q�`���f��@�YR�S�Y����A �޳z`�� These techniques are referred to as “Fault Attacks”. [ Y�l���!�P���A� |A�4$��$;��Pǃ�6�@p��F �3I�! 0000043186 00000 n This paper reviews optical bistability in semiconductor lasers, with particular reference to the potential switching speeds of the systems demonstrated to date. iL ��Fl)L/7M���q@�}?�D�Lo8V œ-��@� �� Y��� endstream endobj 96 0 obj 420 endobj 68 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 63 0 R /Resources 69 0 R /Contents 79 0 R /MediaBox [ 0 0 595 842 ] /CropBox [ 42 81 553 761 ] /Rotate 0 >> endobj 69 0 obj << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text /ImageC /ImageI ] /Font << /TT2 70 0 R /TT4 72 0 R /TT6 71 0 R /TT7 81 0 R >> /XObject << /Im1 82 0 R /Im2 93 0 R /Im3 94 0 R >> /ExtGState << /GS1 88 0 R >> /ColorSpace << /Cs6 74 0 R /Cs9 77 0 R /Cs10 76 0 R >> >> endobj 70 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 149 /Widths [ 278 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 333 333 0 0 0 0 0 0 556 556 556 556 556 556 556 556 556 0 278 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 778 0 0 0 0 556 833 0 0 667 0 722 0 611 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 556 556 500 556 556 278 556 556 222 222 500 222 833 556 556 556 556 333 500 278 556 500 722 500 500 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 350 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /PFCJHC+Arial /FontDescriptor 78 0 R >> endobj 71 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 133 /Widths [ 278 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 333 333 0 584 278 333 278 278 556 556 556 0 0 0 556 0 556 0 333 0 0 584 0 0 0 722 722 722 722 667 611 778 722 278 556 0 611 833 722 778 667 0 722 667 611 722 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 556 611 556 611 556 333 611 611 278 278 556 278 889 611 611 611 611 389 556 333 611 556 778 556 556 500 0 0 0 584 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /PFCJLF+Arial,Bold /FontDescriptor 75 0 R >> endobj 72 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 118 /Widths [ 278 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 278 333 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 722 722 0 0 0 0 278 0 0 611 833 0 0 667 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 556 0 556 611 556 0 611 611 278 0 0 0 0 611 611 0 0 389 556 333 0 556 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /PFCJKD+Arial,BoldItalic /FontDescriptor 73 0 R >> endobj 73 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 905 /CapHeight 0 /Descent -211 /Flags 96 /FontBBox [ -560 -376 1157 1000 ] /FontName /PFCJKD+Arial,BoldItalic /ItalicAngle -15 /StemV 143.849 /FontFile2 84 0 R >> endobj 74 0 obj [ /ICCBased 92 0 R ] endobj 75 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 905 /CapHeight 718 /Descent -211 /Flags 32 /FontBBox [ -628 -376 2000 1010 ] /FontName /PFCJLF+Arial,Bold /ItalicAngle 0 /StemV 144 /XHeight 515 /FontFile2 83 0 R >> endobj 76 0 obj [ /Indexed 74 0 R 60 87 0 R ] endobj 77 0 obj [ /Indexed 74 0 R 255 89 0 R ] endobj 78 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 905 /CapHeight 718 /Descent -211 /Flags 32 /FontBBox [ -665 -325 2000 1006 ] /FontName /PFCJHC+Arial /ItalicAngle 0 /StemV 0 /XHeight 515 /FontFile2 85 0 R >> endobj 79 0 obj << /Length 1514 /Filter /FlateDecode >> stream Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd Quantum and Semiclassical Optics: Journal of the European Optical Society Part B, Volume 7, Number 2 Citation G H M van Tartwijk and D Lenstra 1995 Quantum Semiclass. 0000004928 00000 n Photons leave the cavity in two ways; they can either escape from the end facets (or mirrors) or they can get absorbed by the cavity. 0000084258 00000 n 0000004299 00000 n The understanding of this novel feature in ring lasers is based on the particular structure of a two-dimensional asymptotic phase space. Here we present a semiconductor injection laser which operates in the THz range with an emis-sion spanning more than one octave , from 1.64 THz to 3.35 THz (from 89.5 m to 183 m in wavelength). This laser demonstrated an internal efficiency of 150% and a measured external modulation efficiency of 99.3%. Optically Injected Semiconductor Laser Bowen Zhang ,DanZhu, Member, IEEE, Hao Chen, Yuewen Zhou, and Shilong Pan , Senior Member, IEEE Abstract—A microwave frequency measurement system utiliz-ing the optical injection technology in a semiconductor laser is proposed. Set alert. Since the semiconductor laser has unique features of high gain, low facet reflectivity, and amplitude-phase coupling through the α parameter, it is also sensitive to optical injection from a different laser. Select all / Deselect all. The core device is the monolithically integrated dual-frequency semiconductor laser (MI-DFSL), in which the two DFB laser sections are simultaneously fabricated on one chip. About this page. G H M van Tartwijk 1 and D Lenstra 1. Modern semiconductor lasers restrict the excited volume to reduce the threshold current by applying quantum wells or quantum dots. Semiconductor Lasers Class: Integrated Photonic Devices Time: Fri. 8:00am ~ 11:00am. Semiconductor Injection Lasers, II Light-Emitting Diodes. semiconductor lasers (MOD) (see: K. Petermann, Laser diode modulation and noise, Kluwer Academic, 1991) ... (I - injection current, e - elementary charge, V - volume of the active region) describes the number of the injected carriers into the active region per volume and time. ))�w�%����A� �pp�Jv�=��Zټ�d#��@����2��bk�)����[�V�^�s���� Ġ��!�Z��+;R-=*X'�M`ypf�P�j�9�[�(�h=�r`e�bK�9��a�Ùƙ�,� �?�y�H.�`+�,I��QҦ*h���mZ�W��'������x�GW����*t)����"���[U�:WA�yV��L��ڟ�2I̪p����ˀ!7��P�X���2�EV����Vo7�-�u�~X�����|qL/�tl q�a���}�Mn�A�� B�"O�ؗ�=�ZT�qQ��������Oν�;Dî��}�����>�*%t�TѦ��G�g�����?��ٛ�-�G���l�k�ͪ�r|`�\�de�݀;t%�H,fa�%�\����V��G�'3x�6��D����V���L�k6�"�磅�y��'����i�lLߏ$��Yߙ���4l�N\��t0�M�o��Y�D\;�h�n��B���a/�w;�����h�3�nvKt��ԪTEDI�=yy9���.v��Q+�O��m�� ��ך� *�ڎ��^����zr� YN%!�4�=>U�{�& +kj="�~vZrld���t�����S(07��9��=Q~؝ �v��R��T In reality a semiconductor laser is simply a semiconductor diode, because its active medium is the junction of the forward biased P-N diode, shown as Here the metal contacts shown are used to connect the P-N material to the DC power supply. 0000001572 00000 n Polish the sides of the structure that is radiating. startxref Set alert. : 3 Laser diodes can directly convert electrical energy into light. Noise Characteristics of Single-Mode Semiconductor Lasers Under External Light Injection Gnitabouré Yabre, Member, IEEE, Huug de Waardt, Henricus P. A. van den Boom, and Giok-Djan Khoe, Fellow, IEEE Abstract— This paper presents a theoretical investigation of the noise behavior of a semiconductor laser operating under relatively 0000032891 00000 n At the junction light is emitted when electrons or current pass from N to P type material. �O�kLU�g�5��3v�,M�:�f�Ji2$xXW2�cX��!L���5C=�G@��(|F(i�" d�C&];x��a`p �}��7B�?0 ;W0� Our simple analytical expression is in good agreement with direct numerical simulations of the full-model equations and can be considered as an analog of the formula estimating the locking range width in a cw laser subjected to a coherent optical injection [5]. 3. 0000064605 00000 n 0000002322 00000 n 0000003339 00000 n Download Article PDF. trailer << /Size 97 /Info 64 0 R /Root 67 0 R /Prev 328843 /ID[<2afa61044ea933ae7daa123310d9be70>] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 67 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 63 0 R /Metadata 65 0 R /PageLabels 62 0 R >> endobj 95 0 obj << /S 359 /L 502 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 96 0 R >> stream PDF; This article has been retracted. Download PDFs Export citations. Semiconductor lasers with optical injection and feedback . Lasers. A single-wavelength optical carrier is generated and divided into two parts. Actions for selected chapters. At injection levels I below threshold (I [�����J9 1. %%EOF 0000007293 00000 n 2. 1a, describing, respectively, the material gain and the loss at cavity mirrors of the electromagnetic field intensity. Semiconductor or diode lasers, typically about the size of a grain of salt, are the smallest lasers yet devised. Nonlinear Laser fault injection in semiconductor devices Motivation and Task Description Fault Injection through Laser irradiation is an established attack method in the context of hardware-based IT-security. High-Speed Modulation of Optical Injection-Locked Semiconductor Lasers by Erwin K. Lau S.B. Optical injection is compared for distributed feedback semiconductor and fibre lasers whose wavelength is around 1550 nm. 7 87. injected-semiconductor-laser-based optoelectronic oscilla-tor (OEO) is proposed by subharmonic microwave modulation. 0000065540 00000 n 0000004255 00000 n 0000064333 00000 n 0000003709 00000 n Opt. 2.1. An optical cavity that will facilitate feedback in order to generate stimulated emission.Fundamental Laser diode: 1. 0000004402 00000 n 0000003985 00000 n 0000123205 00000 n of injected semiconductor laser dynamical behaviors including stable state, periodic oscillation state, quasi-periodic oscillation state, co-existence of periodic and chaotic states, and period-3 and period-6 oscillation states are reported. 0000001749 00000 n 0000064683 00000 n (Eng), Queen's University, 1990 M.A.Sc, The University of British Columbia, 1993 A THESIS SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY in THE FACULTY OF GRADUATE … : 3 Laser diodes can directly convert electrical energy into light. Our theoretical results are verified numerically and experimentally. Previous volume.