At Europe Map 1940 pagepage, view political map of Europe, physical map, country maps, satellite images photos and where is Europe location in World map. Deemed of little strategic importance by the British, the islands were not to be defended and in the preceding 10 days some 17,000 civilians had been evacuated, mostly to England. 1940 28th JUNE - Air attack over St Peter Port harbour. The Islands of Guernsey are what’s known as an ‘archipelago’ – a collection of islands located on the English Channel between England and France. Guernsey's population is forecast to increase to a maximum of 64,000 people by 2034. Subscribe to our daily newsletter! Of the population of 40,000, 17,000 were evacuated to England. The Bailiwic… [36]:108 That was roughly the total value of every house in the Channel Islands and included the evacuation accounts. Population Pyramids: Channel Islands - 1950. [2], Just because thousands had managed to cross the English Channel safely did not mean they would have a safe war. Guernsey censuses can be found on Ancestryin Channel Islands census record collections: 1. The reasons why people stayed or evacuated were personal, ranging from fear of the unknown to noble thoughts of continuing the fight with England. 5621230. [9]:158, In Jersey there was no instruction to schools, people could decide themselves if they, or their children, should evacuate. The reverse also applied, with women finding a new partner. After the D-Day Normandy landings in 1944, the islands became cut off from the rest of Europe and food and fuel supplies dried up. On 10 May 1940, the Phoney War ended and Belgium and the Netherlands were invaded. [1], For British foster parents, the trauma of losing the children they had looked after and grown to love could be just as bad. External Bailiwick Express. German Military Underground Hospital Rue Des Buttes, St Andrews. With the islands under German occupation, communications were severed. [12]:33 This led to confusion and disorder, especially in Jersey where the authorities did not think it necessary to evacuate children, therefore it was safe for adults to stay. A number of men, especially those who had served in the Royal Guernsey Militia or the Royal Militia of the Island of Jersey as well as men who had been in the Officers' Training Corps at Victoria College, Jersey and Elizabeth College, Guernsey travelled to England, volunteered and were swiftly taken into the armed services, the Jersey militia men leaving as an organised unit.[3]:217. February. The cold winter of 1944 made life almost unbearable. [23], In London, 20 Upper Grosvenor Street was the contact address for islanders, provided a legal bureau and held records for 30,000 Channel Islanders who could be found. [13]:137 Other military planes were using the Islands, on 17 June 1940, a de Havilland Dragon Rapide DH.89 plane arrived in Jersey from Bordeaux evacuating Général de brigade Charles de Gaulle from France. [7] Teachers were told they were expected to travel with their children bringing assistants to help, mothers volunteered. The psychological damage changed many evacuees, especially children and particularly those deprived of their parents, teachers, siblings and friends for five years. That night the Isle of Sark sailed for England with 647 refugees, she was the last ship to sail, its Captain, Hervy H. Golding being awarded an OBE for his actions that day.[16]. However the British Government had already decided in 1940 that the islands could not be defended without huge loss of life. However, not all messages were good since they included notices like "Baby Mary died last December." A higher percentage of serving people from the islands had died per head of prewar population than in the United Kingdom. The islands ended the war with a debt of £9,000,000, which the British government hoped would be repaid. Many reminders of the German occupation remain. By the beginning of June, the evacuation of Dunkirk was the main topic of conversation, resulting in more people considering leaving the Channel Islands. Every year islanders celebrate their freedom on Liberation Day, 9th May, a public Bank Holiday. Some houses were not good, previously condemned, damp or bug ridden. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Women who had become used to working found no jobs available in the islands apart from scrubbing floors.[22]:147. 1871 census 5. The islands dealt with around 1 million messages, each of them costing 6d.[26]. [1] Some children and families kept contact, and many held fond memories and grateful thanks for the northern people who showed so much kindness. [6]:47 Eighteen ships sailed on 21 June from Jersey including the SS Shepperton Ferry carrying military stores and 400 evacuees. They were guarded by a garrison of 13,000 German troops. [23], Not all evacuees returned. A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. Some mothers with little ones decided to leave at the same time. Bailiwick of Guernsey 21981 26128 28521 33719 35365 33969 35257 37716 43042 45001 Links. A room called Le Coin became a home away from home for anyone passing through the capital wanting to meet other Islanders. [22]:148 Alderney residents were not allowed to return to their island until December 1945. [2] The Mayor of Bolton had threatened the islands with another invasion after liberation, as so many Lancashire holidaymakers would want to see the islands about which they had heard so much. In May 1940, as Germany invaded France, fears arose in Guernsey that a German invasion might take place. [23] Islanders were not shy in volunteering for Air Raid Precautions (ARP), Auxiliary Fire Service (AFS), Home Guard or Voluntary Aid Detachment (VAD) duties in their spare time. A generous gift from the British government of £3,300,000 was used to recompense islanders who had suffered losses and the cost of maintaining the evacuees, estimated at £1,000,000, was written off by the British government. The rules changed over the years; at one point, islanders were not permitted to write to relatives but could write to friends. On 11 June, the British War Cabinet considered that Hitler might occupy the Channel Islands to “strike a blow at our prestige by the temporary occupation of British territory”. Open March – November. Guernsey, Channel Islands : Classification : Census. The hospital was equipped with an operating theatre, kitchen, cinema, staff quarters and wards for 500 patients. The evacuation of civilians from the Channel Islands in 1940 was an organised, partial, nautical evacuation of Crown dependencies in the Channel Islands, primarily from Jersey, Guernsey, and Alderney to England during World War II. [2] Some ignorant people asked if they had sailed across the Mediterranean and why were they not wearing grass skirts.[22]:143. [6]:1 Some schools asking that the child and their suitcase be brought so it could be checked. Requisitioned in 1939 as a troopship, she transported 1,800 schoolchildren from Guernsey to Weymouth. As soon as the majority of the first wave had departed, ships were made available for anyone else who wished to depart, however with the fear of ships being mobbed, riots amongst travellers and in the empty towns, with looting of empty houses and shops, as had happened in France on the Channel coast, the authorities pushed the message that 'staying was best', with posters saying "Don’t be yellow, stay at home",[11]:12 (the "patriot" responsible for this poster fled to England). Tel: 01481 239100 Hewn out of solid rock by slave workers of many nationalities under the control of the German Occupying Forces 1940 – 1945. They decided to publish the Channel Island Monthly Review, despite a ban on new periodicals in August 1940 because of paper shortages. Upon arrival in England, the Guernsey school children were met with mountains of jam sandwiches, bread and butter and tea,[10]:82 before being given a medical and put on crowded blacked out trains, machines most island children had never seen before,[20] to be transported north. Life became steadily worse with both the occupying forces and islanders suffering from starvation. When it became clear that the Battle of France was lost, time was limited for anyone to evacuate, even so 25,000 people went to England, roughly 17,000 from Guernsey,[2] 6,000 from Jersey and 2,000 from Alderney in the ten days before the German troops landed at the end of June 1940. Population of Guernsey increases. Only a few people were put under pressure to either evacuate or stay, often due to their important jobs. As we celebrate 75 years since VE Day this week, one population will be savouring the anniversary more keenly than most. One, Paulette, was a Guernsey evacuee who referred to her as "Auntie Eleanor who lived in the White House". [23] Welfare committees were established to help islanders, allowing the evacuees to maintain contact, talk about their news, gain mutual support and allow children to play together. Some schools decided to relocate in total whereas others had their children scattered amongst local schools all over England, Scotland and Wales. Guernsey's population decline is continuing, according to the island's first electronic census report. Guernsey's population goes up again The latest estimates puts Guernsey's population at 62,307 people - which is up 242 compared to the year before. GUERNSEY’S population has risen by 242 to 62,307, according to the latest electronic census data. Content Detail; Related Links; Comments and Questions; Share; For Europe Map 1940 Map, Direction, Location and Where Addresse. 25 ships took people from Guernsey on 21 June alone,[10]:82 ships like the SS Viking, built in 1905, and which served as HMS Vindex until 1918. By 1901 the island population would double. Sign Up (Picture by Steve Sarre, 23772583) The population snapshot was taken in March 2018 for the fifth annual electronic census. [24]:275–6 It was not unusual to blame evacuee children if there was vandalism or something went missing. Of the population of 40,000, 17,000 were evacuated to England. Historic UK says, “Inhabited since prehistory, it became part of the Duchy of Normandy in the 10th century. Guernesey garde des séquelles historiques, physiques et culturelles de la Seconde Guerre mondiale.Les bombardements et l’occupation de l’île ont poussé la moitié de la population à se réfugier au Royaume-Uni. units moved from Dinard in France to Jersey on 15 June, No. Other primary schools managed to keep pupils together and established themselves in several small communities. or *some browsers' menu buttons may vary. In 1941, negotiations allowed the International Red Cross message system, which was designed primarily for use by captured soldiers, to include civilians in the Channel Islands. [6]:15, Some of the Channel Island children, like some of the 1,500,000 British children[6]:ii that were evacuated from cities in 1939, would suffer mistreatment and abuse, physical, mental and sexual. [34] The BBC also produced a film of the evacuees showing a rally on 19 June 1943 in the Belle Vue Stadium in Manchester that was attended by 6,000 islanders. 1. Some evacuees had brought an elderly relative with them. Up to the year 1940 the main source of income was from the specialised growing of tomatoes. She kept many special customs, laws and names. Beyond this point the population is projected to fall, declining to 59,000 by 2065. [2] If children or families had relatives in the UK, they tended to drift, with their single suitcase of belongings to them, to seek assistance. Some gave away furniture and belongings, some gave it to someone for safe storage,[6]:40 others simply walked away, leaving dirty dishes in the sink and food on the table. The essentials. [8]:193 Amongst those who stayed were a number from the Castel school, who through a misunderstanding about the boat departure time, missed the sailing. States vote to allow more Police Officers to use Tasers. Guernsey Towns and Parishes. The Channel Islands came under the British crown when William, Duke of Normandy invaded England in 1066 and seized the crown. 1911 census summary books [27], Over 90 local "Channel Island Societies" were established in England, with weekly meetings and arranged social events, including card games and dances. They were very generous, helping with clothes and shoes, arranging picnics, providing free tickets to cinemas and football matches, lending furniture and donating money for Christmas presents for children. Most Alderney and Jersey school children were scattered, attending different local schools, except Victoria College, Jersey pupils who congregated at Bedford School[21], In the years to come, children leaving school at the normal age of 14 went into occupations including war industries and would join the Home Guard, 17-year-old girls could join the ATS or WLA. : 42. The meetings of families could be equally traumatic, with wives and husbands meeting again for the first time in five years and discovering they had lived very different lives and had difficulty talking about them. The BBC then announce the demilitarisation of the island on the 9 o`clock news. [2] Islanders serving in the forces would attend meetings when possible.[23]. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. To this day, the Queen’s official title in the Bailiwick of Guernsey is that of the Duke of Normandy. [33] See also 'Guernsey Evacuees: The Forgotten Evacuees of the Second World War' by Gillian Mawson, (History Press, 2012), The BBC recorded island children singing for a Christmas 1942 radio broadcast. Others used empty shops as nothing else was available. This page was last edited on 25 October 2020, at 20:29. "[1] Messages ceased shortly after 6 June 1944, when the islands were cut off and isolated. Guernsey is easily accessible by both air and ferry, please try our UK Travel Guide for further information. [19], 319 people evacuated the islands on five civilian de Havilland Express DH-86 aircraft, between 16 and 19 June, landing in Exeter.[10]. [23], The British hovernment had opened up an evacuation account for each of the bailiwicks of Guernsey and Jersey to which certain costs could be charged, such as the cost of the evacuation ships, rail travel and the education costs of children. By spring 1940 the islands were advertising themselves as holiday destinations. Filter options. Some locked their front doors, some did not, reasoning that someone would break the door to get in anyway. [25], It was initially limited to 10 words per letter but was later changed to 25, which was the standard for lrisoners-of-wars. The island authorities assumed that all locals who particularly feared a German occupation would leave the islands, such as people of the Jewish faith. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. In June of 1940 approximately 17,000 people (almost half the population of Guernsey) left the island, just days after hearing that the Germans were planning to invade the island. Despite being a relatively small island, Guernsey’s history is long and fascinating. Although Winston Churchill was reluctant to lose control of the Crown’s oldest possession, the Islands offered no strategic benefit to Britain. Aurigny (aurigny.com) flies from London Gatwick to Guernsey from £100 return. All messages were routed via the International Red Cross headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland, which dealt with 24 million messages during the war. 90% of all Channel Island evacuees were taken to Weymouth Harbour, Dorset. [29], It did not close, and the 20-24 page Review was published with up to 5,000 copies a month posted out to subscribers, including servicepeople all over the world.[2]. The National Service (Armed Forces) Act 1939 passed on 3 September 1939 enforced full conscription on all males between 18 and 41, however it only applied to the United Kingdom and had no effect in the independent Channel Islands. The fact that Guernsey was loading ships with tomatoes rather than people indicates the lack of panic; ships from Guernsey and Jersey designated to carry evacuees were sometimes packed, but others did not sail to their full capacity. [28]:33, The Stockport and District Society was founded in January 1941, when 250 prospective members attended the first meeting. The wartime regulations meaning that anyone travelling between Guernsey and England needed a passport or permit card were abolished. 1861 census 4. On 19 June 1940, parents were told to register their children to be evacuated and some were sent away the very next morning. Marshal Philippe Pétain requested an armistice on 17 June and on 19 June nearby Cherbourg was captured by German forces. Although Winston Churchill was reluctant to lose control of the Crown’s oldest possession, the islands offered no strategic benefit to Britain. Nowadays Guernsey, its capital St Peter Port and the smaller islands are a favourite tourist destination. It includes: authentic Occupation Street, unique audio visual experience, tearoom and garden and fortifications. Evacuation ships stopped on 23 June,[10]:82 when ships sailed for England empty. Guernsey populated areas in red, dark red higher. Lapel badges were produced to help islanders recognise other evacuees. An … 1911 census 9. People in the North of England generally rallied to help the evacuees. Former population censuses in Germany were complete enumerations obtained directly from the entire population in personal interviews or by questionnaire. [2] The adults who had stayed in the islands looked old, tired and thin and wore old clothes. equivalent to the population in 1961) by 2063. [31] Philippe William Luce founded the Vancouver Society for the 500 Channel Islanders who lived in the area, who collected many thousands of dollars and hundreds of crates of clothing and shoes to send to England. Alderney celebrates Homecoming Day on December 15th. Census records allow you to view other family members who were present on the day of the census, typically these will be siblings or parents. The withdrawal of cash from banks was limited to £20 per person. Children from Manchester had recently been evacuated to Canada, as that city was not considered safe, they were replaced by Channel Island children. The occupation began on the 30th of June, 1940, when the British Government decided to demilitarise the Channel Islands, effectively leaving them undefended. [18] He stayed for lunch whilst waiting for the plane to be refuelled, before flying on to London. Over the years ending September 2016, 2017 and 2018, the annual changes were -0.1%, 0.0% and 0.5% respectively. The first edition, a four-page sheet, appeared in May 1941. [8]:193, Mothers with children below school age were authorised to go on the first ships, as were men of military age.[6]:41. The Jersey Society, which had been founded in London in 1896, acted as a link for Jersey evacuees during the war. In 1940, Guernsey was occupied by German forces. In 1821 the population of Guernsey was 20,302 with over 50%, 11,173 living in St Peter Port. Guernsey's evacuation began in June 1940. [citation needed]. 1940 January. [10]:84 Several ships, including the Guernsey lifeboat,[17] were machine gunned by German aircraft however with enemy aircraft and submarines operating in the Channel, it was lucky that no evacuation ship was sunk. [2], Children who had not seen their parents for five years often did not recognise them. [15] A similar attack occurred in Jersey where nine died. The materials and effort spent on the Atlantic Wall was totally disproportionate to the strategic importance of the islands but Hitler was convinced that the British would try to recapture them. The Channel Islands came under the British crown when William, Duke of Normandy invaded England in 1066. Participants included film stars. Some gave away pets, others just released them, many put them down. Everyone fleeing the islands left behind friends and relatives. The society accumulated over 1,000 books published during the war to restock the island libraries after the war. Houses, cars and businesses were abandoned by those evacuating. Paris surrendered without a fight on 14 June. There are stories of extorting child labour, stealing the rations of the children, beatings, etc., but they were in the minority, and most were rescued by inspectors. The Review was threatened with closure in May 1942 after questions in Parliament. PARISH INTRODUCTION + Wikiwand; BAPTISMS 1890-1907 + Family Search; INTERNATIONAL GENEALOGICAL INDEX + FamilySearch; BAPTISMS + RootsWeb's WorldConnect Project; MARRIAGES + RootsWeb's WorldConnect Project; BURIALS + RootsWeb's WorldConnect Project ; 1851 Census 1861 … 17 Squadron RAF and No. It might take months for a message to arrive although a few of them took only weeks. The Guernsey Society was formed in 1943 to represent the interests of the island to the British government during the German occupation and to establish a network for Guernsey evacuees in the United Kingdom. Some certainly did, however it came as a surprise to find out later that others had decided not to leave or who were barred from entering the United Kingdom, because they were "aliens", resulted in around 20 people the Germans would define as "Jewish" becoming trapped in the islands. Families that had owned no property in the islands had found jobs and houses, and some youngsters had found employment and love in their evacuation towns. Tomato trucks awaiting export are heavily bombed by German aircraft killing 33 people and injuring many more, these attacks then continue at several other sites across the island. Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) Channel Island refugees could not write or receive letters to people at home, as their homes were now occupied by the enemy. That comes from data for the year up to the end of March 2018, gathered through the rolling electronic census which includes statistics from social security, income tax and other States departments. • With zero migration, Guernsey’s population would decline to just fewer than 45,000 (i.e. Little did the islanders imagine their homes would be under German occupation for five years, before liberation on 9 May 1945. Ships urgently needed to evacuate soldiers from France in Operation Ariel, were diverted to help civilians in the Channel Islands. The closeness of Guernsey to Cherbourg left it wide open to attack by both sea and air. The islands and the British military began the evacuation following the Allies loss in the Battle of France, after which the British Army withdrew from the islands.[1]. However by the end of December, a life saving Red Cross ship, the SS Vega, docked at St Peter Port with much needed supplies and was to make several more trips up to May 1945. Show only sites classified as: Include or exclude One Name Studies links : Include Exclude. The evacuation occurred in phases, starting with school aged children, their teachers, and mother volunteers. The Review included a collection of articles and poetry relevant to Channel Island people and personal comments received from Red Cross messages that might affect other islanders, such as births, marriages and deaths and greeting messages. Net migration of 300 persons per year would grow the population to a peak of 69,937 in 2043 before falling back to just under 67,000 by 2063. It quickly became popular by the thousands of Channel Island people living in the UK. 2020 Population of Guernsey. Nowadays Guernsey, its capital St Peter Port and the smaller islands are a favourite tourist destination. This fi L h Guernsey Annual Electronic Census Report, published on 31st January 2019, provides informa on on the popula on of Guernsey (including the islands of Guernsey, Herm, Lihou and Jethou). On 19 June the Guernsey local paper published announcements that plans were well in hand to evacuate all the children from the island, telling parents to go to their schools that evening to register and to prepare to send the children away the next day. Channel Island Community Website: www.islandlife.org, All photographs © States of Guernsey Tourist Board. The number of messages that one could send was limited, and replies had to be on the back of the original message. The smallest of the four main Channel Islands, Sark is located some 80 miles from the south coast of England and only 24 miles from the north coast of France. 1841 census 2. Tel: 01481 238205 The museum gives a picture of life in Guernsey during the German Occupation, 1940 -1945. The story of the Nazi occupation is told at the Occupation Museum located near the airport. The bomb damage was mainly to the harbour where lorries loaded with tomatoes for export were lined up, 34 people died. [10]:80–81 No hospital ship had arrived to take the elderly and sick away. The link between Britain and France still survives today in Norman Law, surnames and Guernesaise, the local language. Those who had been evacuated were told that it was tougher in the islands. Many adults returned at the same time as the schoolchildren, but some who had volunteered for the armed services were demobbed in 1946. Castel Parish Registers. The declaration of War by Britain on 3 September 1939 increased the concern. 1891 census 7. In Jersey, where the school children were on two weeks holiday to help with the potato harvest, everyone who wished to leave was asked to register, queues quickly appeared, with 23,000 eventually registering. Following the Deportations from the German-occupied Channel Islands in September 1942, the December edition of the Review published lists of the deportees and their contact details so that Red Cross messages could be sent to them. Some put up with, even though they hated the experience, most of the children had nobody to talk to about problems and abuse. 1881 census 6. [2], Those that joined the armed forces were subject to the usual war risks, those that worked in the UK, whether in war industries or elsewhere were, just like the children, subject to the risk of bombing. By mid May 1940 the news was not good; Germans were fighting in France and individuals as well as whole families were making plans and taking the ferry to England. [13]:139 The regular cargo boats and ferries were asked to resume normal service and six evacuation ships were sent to Alderney on 23 June,[14]:13 where previous ships had docked and left almost empty of passengers. R.A.F. In June 2020, 30,135 people were employed or self-employed in Guernsey compared to 31,544 in June 2019, a decrease of 4.5%. However, life in the islands continued much as normal. 5,000 schoolchildren evacuated from Guernsey and 1,000 stayed with 12 teachers. German Occupation Museum, Forest, Guernsey GY8 0BG. The Bailiwick of Guernsey consists of the Islands of Guernsey, Herm, Sark and Alderney, plus the smaller islands of Lihou, Jethou and Brechou. Copyright © Historic UK Ltd. Company Registered in England No. People could take just one suitcase. 501 Squadron RAF flying sorties until 19 June, in support of the evacuation from Cherbourg, when the aircraft flew to England and the ground support units were evacuated on the SS Train Ferry No. [37]:214, Partial evacuation of British dependencies during WWII, Deportations from the German-occupied Channel Islands, Living with the enemy in the German-occupied Channel Islands, Resistance in the German-occupied Channel Islands, "The Experiences of Guernsey Evacuees in Northern England, 1940 – 1945", "The Bombing of Guernsey Harbour 28th June 1940", "Report of Service on the 29th day of June 1940", "The 'Evacuee Clubs' of Second World War Britain", "Delivering relief to the Channel Islands in the Second World War", "Guernsey evacuees and kind Canadians during the Second World War", "Eleanor Roosevelt: Foster Parent for World War II Refugees", Channel Islands Occupation Society (CIOS), Guernsey Grammar School and Sixth Form Centre, Policy and Resources Committee of Guernsey, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Evacuation_of_civilians_from_the_Channel_Islands_in_1940&oldid=985413900, Military history of the Channel Islands during World War II, German occupation of Jersey during World War II, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Forest and St Martin's Schools set up in Cheadle Hulme in Cheshire. 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