It requires a great amount of planning, and timing is critical so it may be hard to coordinate perfectly. Parallel Teaching and Alternative Teaching can both refer to Model B: Two mixed-ability groups. International Journal of Inclusive Education: Vol. When the data shows a group of students who have mastered a skill, you may want to extend their learning with something more complex. 589-610. 6, pp. Split up the work so it feels like two rotations within one. Co teaching Model: Station Teaching. So long as both teachers are supporting the students’ general education curriculum goals as well as their Individualized Education Program goals (if the students have IEPs), it does not matter which aspect of the lesson any of the teachers chooses to lead. Teaching through stations—or ‘station teaching’—is a flexible and underrated teaching and learning strategy that can add versatility to your craft. In this co-teaching approach, teachers divide content and students. For this particular day, the students have been placed in three homogenous groups based on student reading levels, which were determined from a beginning of the reading assessment. On the other hand, the small group may be at a higher level and in that case, the teacher needs to provide enrichment opportunities to extend their learning. Think of an upcoming lesson you and co-teacher are in the process of planning. It can be exhausting for the teachers to repeat the same lesson three times. This approach requires unique classroom management strategies, precise time management, and a clear relationship between the design of each station and the learning objective itself. Although the teachers will teach the same basic content to each group as they rotate through, the difficulty level, the teaching techniques, and the support provided to each group will be drastically different. Learn the benefits of station teaching and alternative teaching with a co-teacher. Station teaching can be used frequently as long as it is planned well based on teacher strengths and implements a wide variety of differentiated activities. In this example, you will see the special education teacher leading the daily lesson (T1) and the general education teacher leading the remediation or extension group (T2). When T2 pre-teaches the lesson to the Lemurs, T2 can tell T1 during the transition who has a basic understanding of the daily concept already and whom to focus on, so that T1 has a better sense of where to focus her attention right from the beginning. Because alternative teaching is done when a teacher pulls a small group for a different lesson, groups are usually homogeneous based on academic level. Teachers must also consider that some students may not be able to manage themselves appropriately in independent stations, so strong classroom management is key. At station 1, they will be paired up to read a fiction text with their reading buddy and then they will each draw a picture representing what they visualized while they read. Strategic Co-Teaching in Your School: Using the Co-Design Model. The student teacher plans an intervention lesson for those five students, pulling them to work in the common area outside the classroom, while the classroom teacher moves onto the next concept with the remainder of the class. Alternative teaching can work with subjects other than math as well. Two of the advantages I have had so far with station rotation is: more one on one time with students, student engagement, and student creativity. Station Teaching. The small group receiving alternate instruction may be a lower group than the rest of the classroom and require intervention or reteaching. The independent practice station (where students go after they rotate to T1) is split into two tables doing the same independent practice. Differentiating by learning preference (auditory, visual, kinesthetic), Differentiating by math strategy preference (invented algorithms, base 10 blocks, tens/ones drawings, etc. Teachers work together to pre-plan teacher-led stations where new content can be introduced to groups, as well as independent stations where students can engage in reinforcement activities. At station 1, they will work with a teacher-assigned partner to solve a set of five polynomial equations. general education teacher partners with a specialist who may be certified in teaching English Language Learners (ELLs If you are fortunate enough to work in a co-teaching situation, we encourage you to try station teaching and/or alternative teaching as instructional models. This template can be used to plan two alternative lessons to be taught by a pair of co-teachers based on assessment data. Co-Teaching Stations is a model where two teachers simultaneously conduct different lessons or activities related to the same content at stations or learning centers. How you form groups for station teaching will be primarily based on the content being taught at each station. In this video, you will see three groups of students rotate through four stations. 4. Each time you teach the lesson, you get better at it; therefore, by placing your highest-need group last, you have already practiced teaching the content twice, and can therefore better anticipate misunderstandings and confusions. Buy Richael Barger-Anderson Ed.D. What is Audio Description (AD)? This activity is self-paced and teachers will be able to determine the extent of their knowledge based on how far into the activity they get during the allotted time. The majority of the students appear to be on-level and will benefit from the next planned lesson on adding text evidence to support their critique. Model Teaching, 2020. All of the students will learn how to represent data in different ways including in a table, a pictograph, and a bar graph. Here is a look inside an elementary classroom where two first grade teachers are co-teaching a literacy block. Our highest-performing and fastest-learning students were grouped in the Hyenas group, Our middle-performing students and those who work at a medium pace were grouped in the Meerkats group, Our lower-performing students and students who need a slower pace in order to show mastery of the material were grouped in the Lemurs group, The Lemurs is the smallest group so that they can receive more one-on-one attention, Repeat the whole lesson with the following group, Start his/her independent practice with a clipboard next to T1 so that T1 can continue to monitor the student’s progress, Work with a partner who feels more confident in the material, Page 1: How the teachers initially introduced Station Teaching to the students, “Worthy Task” is the remediation and/or extension station with T2, Page 1: How the teachers introduced which group goes to which station at what time, Page 2: How the teachers introduced which students would begin in which group (pseudonyms used), Page 2: How the teachers taught the students to know their groups. 2) Switch up your groups! Teachers teach different content. Decide whether your students would benefit from station teaching or alternative teaching, and use the appropriate planning resource to plan a detailed lesson you can both implement. Explaining the station teaching model done in a 6th grade class with mathematics. With the tools provided here for you, you can plan and implement a lesson with your co-teacher and see the benefits firsthand! Playing next. As co-teachers, we decided that the best way for our groups to be divided for math rotations would be based on both the levels at which the students are performing and the paces at which they work. The class has been divided into three similarly sized groups and will rotate among three stations. Often an independent station will be used along with the two teacher stations. Teachers monitor/teach. Set up the classroom so there are table groups for each station. Teachers who lead groups are responsible for planning the activity/lesson for his/her assigned group. ... About the Author: Susan Hitt began her journey with New Hanover County Schools in August of 2005 when she started teaching at Laney High School. When AD is enabled, descriptive language narrates what is on the screen. When to Use This Model: Station Teaching is used when a smaller student-to-teacher ratio is desired. The rotation model works anytime, anywhere. The class has been divided into four similarly sized groups and will rotate among four stations. This lesson will be taught by Teacher 1, and will be reinforced by Teacher 2. classroom that has a diverse group of students with a variety of learning needs Again, the teacher has planned three separate spelling lists based on levels. Educators will explore various approaches to space, culture, and routines when implementing a station rotation model. For example, fractions may be taught with a fraction line at one and with cubes at another. Here is what it might look like in a secondary setting: Two high school math teachers are co-teaching an algebra class. Take each station and think of it as a common core or state standard. Flexibility in groupings: Students can change between groups easily. The teacher and student teacher are at particular stations; the other stations are run Overview: Students are split up into small groups around the room. At stations 3 and 4, they will work with each teacher as they take notes on a new skill. Each group can receive instruction on their own level without the other groups noticing the differentiated instructional level. To learn more about ST Math, click here. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. It is crucial to this grouping system that the groups are not static. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Station Teaching corresponds to Model D: Multiple groups. The flexibility is key so that students do not feel stuck in one group or another. (2011). One of the teachers feels particularly passionate about teaching text evidence, and she agrees to plan and teach that lesson the following day. Copy and paste these links into your web browser to view these additional resources! Required fields are marked *. The Definition of Co-teaching: Two or more teachers delivering instruction at the same time in the same physical space to a heterogeneous group of students (Friend and Cook, 2004). Each group of students rotates through each station; … Learning centers, learning stations, station rotations, blended learning — these labels all refer to the same general concept: rotating students through various learning activities throughout a single class period. At station 3, they will work with the second teacher on their new spelling list, sorting the words based on the spelling pattern. In the station teaching model of instruction, students and content are divided into three or more groups. If you want to learn even more about co-teaching, and how to implement it successfully in your classroom, you may want to consider our full course, Planning for Co-Teaching: Strategies and Tools to Ensure Success. Co-Teaching can be defined as two or more certified / licensed professionals sharing the duties of lesson planning, implementation, assessment, and classroom management. Traditional Classroom Learning, Three Daily Practices to Promote Social Emotional Learning in the Classroom. This is a pre-completed version of the Station Teaching Lesson Plan Template, completed for your reference. The Station Rotation model allows students to rotate through stations on a fixed schedule, where at least one of the stations is an online learning station. It is generally accepted that there are six instructional models that co-teachers can use to present instruction and they include: One Teach / One Observe, One Teach / One Assist, Team Teaching, Parallel Teaching, Station Teaching, and Alternative Teaching. Groups will need to change from day to day and subject to subject. Station Teaching. ), Differentiating by reading level but keeping the content of the passage/article the same, Differentiating by math problem solving ability (one-step word problems; two-step word problems; mixed one- and two-step word problems). It is very beneficial to have a chart to show students who is in which group and where each group goes for every rotation. Frequency: 40% of the time (K. Sussman, personal communication, January 8, 2015). By this point in the year, students have already had a mini-lesson about visualization, so this is not a new skill. Educators will be able to implement a basic station rotation in a traditional structure by utilizing key strategies, tools, and research. Additionally, we were constantly re-assessing students formally and informally, and using anecdotal notes, to move students if the group they were in was either not challenging them enough or too difficult for them. For example: I taught the vertical subtraction algorithm with borrowing (decomposing) to the Hyenas on the same day that I taught the Lemurs how to subtract with a Hundreds, Tens, and Ones chart (visual) and Base 10 Blocks (kinesthetic). Examining the implementation of two co‐teaching models: team teaching and station teaching. Model a process, provide real-time feedback, conference with students, lead a small group discussion, and create time for Q & A sessions related to your work. This is a list of general tips to handle the management of station rotations:https://catlintucker.com/2018/09/10-tips-station-rotation-model/, Education: B.S. ( Log Out / For example, this could be particularly effective if you want to pair up an on-level reader with an above level reader in a buddy reading station. Teaming corresponds to Model E: Whole class. Each group of students rotates through each station; however, not each group of students needs to do the same lesson or activity when they arrive at the same station. If it is difficult for students to maintain focus for the whole time at their independent centers you can: Give them a “body break” in the middle of the rotation. Use the resource shown here to help you and your co-teacher plan a successful set of stations for an upcoming lesson. After showing the Meerkats all three options, and doing some guided practice of the vertical algorithm, I realized that they felt most comfortable with a strategy I had not anticipated: drawing quick tens and ones. The transitioning between stations allows students with attention difficulties to get up and move their bodies frequently, and allows them to shift their attention to new learning when they might have otherwise lost focus. According to Friend and Cook (2007), one teaching, one observing, “sometimes becomes the sole or primary co-teaching approach in many classrooms, particularly when planning time is scarce” (p. 128). In parallel teaching, the teachers are both covering the same information, but they divide the class into two groups and teach simultaneously. While alternative teaching provides an excellent opportunity for enrichment or intervention as needed, it can lead to students feeling negatively singled out. Make levels of difficulty A-D of each standard for your groups and neatly organize your packets A-D. “A” being the foundational skill and “D” being mastery. Most likely, you will want students to be in homogenous groups so that when they are at a teacher-led station, instruction can be differentiated for the level of that particular group. Station TEACHING. Here is an example of alternative teaching in a middle school classroom. Change ). However, there is also a group of 5 writers whose work stands out as above average and they decide that the second teacher, who has experience teaching advanced placement literature classes will pull this group aside to present a more advanced lesson on comparing two pieces of literature. When I moved from a middle school that allowed me to see my students for an average of 75 minutes each day to a site where I see my students for 60 minutes, four times a week, I had to chan… by ModelTeaching | Jul 26, 2019 | Classroom Management, Lesson & Curriculum Planning, Special Education, Teaching Strategies | 1 comment. Each group rotates through each station. For students who get frustrated that they are not finished on time: Star certain problems as “must do’s” and circle the ones that are optional such that they feel successful and finished when it is time to rotate. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. You may even have occasions when heterogeneous groups are warranted. Also as with station teaching groups, groups should be formed based on assessment data. ( Log Out / Students work in stations or centers and the co-teachers may take responsibility for teaching and explaining directions for their assigned stations. The Station Rotation has consistently reigned as the most popular blended-learning model implemented by elementary schools. Sugar Land, TX 77479, 16107 Kensington Dr. #175 Sugar Land, TX 77479, Station Teaching and Alternative Teaching: Two Effective Co-Teaching Instructional Models, Planning for Co-Teaching: Strategies & Tools to Ensure Success, Inquiry Based Learning: Using Inquiry as a Teaching Strategy, Claim-Evidence-Reasoning (CER) in the Science Classroom, https://ictmodels.wordpress.com/about/station-teaching-model/, https://catlintucker.com/2018/09/10-tips-station-rotation-model/, https://ictmodels.wordpress.com/about/alternative-teaching-model/, https://goalbookapp.com/toolkit/strategy/alternative-teaching. The "Station Teaching" model is when a group of students are split into smaller groups led by each teacher. A rotation model is when students move between learning stations, either 1. on a ﬁxed schedule, or 2. at the teacher’s discretion, where at least one station … At station 2, they will work with one teacher in a guided reading group, and the teacher has separate plans for each of the three groups based on their previous assessment data. Are you an education author or blog owner? Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Station Teaching The co-teaching pair divides the instructional content into parts – Each teacher instructs one of the groups, groups then rotate or spend a designated amount of time at each station – often an independent station will be used along with the teacher led stations. The station rotation model does what the name suggests. After ten wonderful years there, she moved to central office where she is the high school District Lead English Language Arts teacher. Your email address will not be published. The students need to have practiced the transitions between rotations previously, so that no instructional time is lost (Friend & Burrello, 2005). group of students receive instruction from two or more teachers who have collaborated over the content and method of instruction This model is most common in elementary schools because teachers are already familiar rotating in … Even when students are working at an independent station, it will be easier to manage if each student in the group is working at the same level and can have the same activity. All Rights Reserved. We found that these two characteristics, level and pace, were correlated for most students, but we were flexible for students who did not match the rest of their group exactly. Learn to effectively plan and implement co-teaching in your classroom! Here is a basic explanation of what co-teaching means along with the benefits and different models of Co-teaching. Station teaching is perfect for when you want to implement a variety of learning activities, and alternative teaching is an excellent method of differentiating instruction for two groups working at different academic levels. Your email address will not be published. This template can be used by teachers to plan a set of stations based on assessment data. Some stations may be run by a teacher, some may be independent, and some may use technology. One teaching, one observing, Station teaching, Parallel teaching, Alternative teaching, Teaming, One teaching, one assisting. Co-Teaching Models Between General and Special Education Teachers Complementary Teaching Station Teaching Parallel Teaching Alternative Teaching Shared Teaching • Lead teacher uses pre-assessment to determine students' need for support. 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Reading at the independent practice station Curriculum planning, and timing is critical so feels. Co-Teaching in your classroom might look like in a middle school classroom have similar interests, station teaching Model instruction. Four similarly sized groups and will rotate among four stations key so that nobody with. Using the Co-Design Model rotate to T1 ) is split into two tables doing the same.. To Promote Social Emotional learning in the year, students and content are divided three! Subjects other than Math as well the lesson of students that are reading at the independent practice station one or! Different concepts related to the opportunities for differentiation they offer, as well ) split! To one group or another and each takes responsibility for planning the activity/lesson for his/her assigned group the for. Separate spelling lists based on levels and require intervention or reteaching co-teachers may take responsibility for teaching and alternative,! A flexible and underrated teaching and alternative teaching lesson plan Template, completed for your reference `` station teaching the! Provides an excellent opportunity for enrichment or intervention as needed, it can lead to students feeling singled.