Broadly speaking, cognitive flexibility is about moving between different tasks simultaneously, applying concepts from one context toward solving a … Diamond 2013; Miyake et al. Performance deficits on the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) in patients with prefrontal cortex (PFC) lesions are traditionally interpreted as evidence for a role of the PFC in cognitive flexibility. Trail Making Test and its variants. The third test was the Youmans Cognitive Flexibility Assessment (YCFA) Puzzle (Gonzalez, Figueroa, Bellows, Rhodes, & Youmans, 2013), a behavioral assessment of cognitive flexibility, i.e. Cognitive flexibility is the ability to adapt your way of thinking to fit the problem at hand. The cognitive flexibility inventory (CFI) was developed to be a brief self-report measure of the type of cognitive flexibility necessary for individuals to successfully challenge and replace maladaptive thoughts with more balanced and adaptive thinking. There has been ambiguity about which cognitive demands are placed on the patient by TMT Part B over and above those required to perform TMT Part A. [1] Cognitive flexibility is usually described as one of the executive functions. Cognitive flexibility was tested with anagrams and a Compound Remote Associates Test. This test is used in neu­ropsy­cho­log­i­cal eval­u­a­tions to mea­sure men­tal speed and flex­i­bil­ity, the hall­marks of exec­u­tive func­tions. Cognitive Flexibility Scale (CFS) - Martin & Rubin (1995) Cognitive Flexibilty Inventory (CFI) - Dennis & Vander Wal (2010) Cognitive Reflection Test - Frederick (2005) When researching the development of cognitive flexibility in early childhood, I found that many studies involving executive functioning and mental flexibility give preschoolers a test called the Dimensional Change Card Sorting Test (DCCS). It is the mind’s ability to process new or changing information and the flexibility to change thinking or action to accommodate updated information (Bilgin, 2009, Bock, 2009). To test this hypothesis empirically, we asked: Do teachers who are more effective at engaging students reveal more cognitive flexibility when discussing student engagement, as compared with teachers who are less effective at engaging students? Cognitive flexibility is the ability to adapt to changing tasks or problems. Mental flexibility is considered part of executive funcions, which are the general mental functions that help us to cordinate thought and action. Research shows that people who are more exposed to situations that challenge their ideas about what’s ‘right’ and ‘wrong’ have greater cognitive flexibility. Cognitive flexibility plays a key role in the speed and accuracy of children when it comes to taking other perspectives, or adjusting to changing needs, rules and tasks. Keywords: individual, team, sport, cognitive flexibility 1. The tests are also designed to measure an individual’s out-of-box thinking and abstract reasoning skills. Cognitive flexibility — the ability to adapt easily to new and unexpected conditions — is difficult for many children (and adults) with ADHD.For our kids, even the smallest changes to everyday routines can quickly become huge challenges. Introduction Psychologically, "flexibility" is the ability of individuals to adapt, and cognitive flexibility refers to the need to cope with changes in the environment (Cañas, Fajardo & Salmeron, 2006). Objectives Although primary dystonia is typically characterized as a movement disorder, it is also associated with cognitive alterations in the domain of executive functioning which may arise from changes in cortico-basal ganglia circuits. Computational modeling of covert cognitive processes supporting cognitive flexibility may provide progress toward nosologically specific aspects of cognitive inflexibility. A common paradigm for assessing cognitive flexibility involves examining individuals’ ability in task or set switching [].Within this paradigm, individuals are typically required to initially learn to respond in a certain way with a set of stimuli, and subsequently switch to respond in an alternative way to the same (or similar) stimuli. This study presents a new computerized measure of cognitive flexibility, and then provides evidence for convergent validity. What is cognitive flexibility? Cognitive flexibility [note 1] has been described as the mental ability to switch between thinking about two different concepts, and to think about multiple concepts simultaneously. Specifically, in comparison to healthy controls, patients with dystonia show deficits in neuropsychological tests of cognitive flexibility. 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