Your email address will not be published. However, full-suspension bikes offer better control and stability. Cross-country (XC) riding is one of the most popular forms of mountain biking. The sheer variety of bike types, not to … So you will be much less upright than on a DH bike with the seat normally level with, or slightly higher than the handlebars. In many ways Enduro is very similar to all-mountain riding. Sometimes these differences can be confusing, so in this article we will try to shed some light on the different disciplines and what type of bike is best suited for each one. Bikes are designed with different activities in mind. This discipline is closely related to downhill mountain biking and dirt jumping. Although they are designed to be specialist you’ve probably seen people riding them around town. The right type of bike for cross country mountain biking can vary based on the particular trail you’re on and your skill level. It goes without saying, being able to reduce your speed on your mountain bike whenever required, and having complete control at all times, is critical, to say the least. You get two main types of rider, those doing it to get somewhere, those riding for the trail. Downhill bikes also have high suspension travel of up to 220mm. Even the slightest difference in suspension, weight, or tire style can change the way you ride. And repeat! This will help you choose a bike that suits you. You race twice, once on each track, with the fastest combined time being the winner. And don’t worry too much about what particular mountain biking discipline you are doing. They are an agile type of mountain bike that gives you more control and stability, regardless of what trick you are doing. One type has a clip on one side and a platform on the other, and the other type has a clip integrated into the platform on both sides, so that each are accessible at the same time. Even seasoned bikers will find a hardtail bike proficient for easier trails. These bikes generally have thicker wheels that prevent punctures. This will test your ability to handle the bike. The newest of the MTB styles and disciplines is eMTB. For other disciplines like Trail, All-mountain or Enduro racing, a bike with longer travel and a dropper seatpost is popular. It gets less press than downhill riding because it is not as dramatic to televise. It involves taking a normal mountain bike over non-purpose built trails, such as hiking paths and other off road tracks. Even blue runs are pretty simple with small features that can be avoided. Your email address will not be published. For other users, the XC is synonymous with MTB, mountain biking, especially for uncomplicated terrain, for tracks, although some like to complicate it a little more. Required fields are marked *. A hardtail is not really a type of mountain biking. Unlike cross country trails that involve curves and snaking paths, downhill trails are usually straight down through the mountain terrain. Distances... Fat-Tire Bikes. The different riding styles affect the type of bike you choose, the places you ride and even people you hang out with. Downhill mountain biking usually takes place in specially designed bikeparks. While this is not what they are made for, fatbikes are easy to ride and popular. Competitions and races require bikers to achieve blazing speeds, making it a very thrilling discipline for rider and spectators. Bikers don’t ride up the mountain. They use very similar bikes to dual slalom, although they require full suspension as there is usually a rocky section. The easiest green runs are for beginners and have minimal technical features. But you will still have a big smile on your face at the end. While there are plenty of different terms manufacturers use to describe their bikes, there are 4 basic types: Cross Country (XC), Trail, All Mountain (Enduro), and Downhill (DH). These parks consist of many different types of jumps. It starts when you get a buzz from a short downhill section and you start to seek out more. Single track merges with bikeparks in places where trails are managed. Check out this MTB vs eMTB comparison to find out why I feel they both have a place in our sport. Your bike’s job is to roll over technical terrain. Just like singletrack mountain biking, bikeparks cover many of the MTB styles and disciplines below. Okay so specialist bikes makes a particular type of MTB easier but you don’t need it to have fun. Personally I consider all mountain to be more extreme XC with bigger obstacles, rougher trails and harder riding. As riders we're always looking for new features to push our abilities, whether it's made of dirt, wood or rock you can find to on Trailforks. The discipline gets more challenging if time trials and races are put into the mix. Off road touring involves covering large distances on your bike. In this guide to 16 different types of mountain biking we’ll take you from freeride to fatbiking to four cross. Most bikes also use a single gear and disc break system for simplicity. Check out more about the history of MTB. 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This allows for a narrower steering diameter for better airborne tricks such as barspins and tailwhips. 30 second guide to: Wheel Sizes. But downhill mountain biking is a completely different beast to freewheeling down a slope. To make maneuvering simpler, these bikes have very light frames. A 65-degree head angle adds more control and stability. Enduro bikes tend to be top end and rather pricey. They are slightly heavier than … Bar height, like suspension setup, is highly subjective and depends on your own personal physiology, height, bike choice and the chosen terrain. It’s about enjoying the trails so the more technical the route you’ll be riding the better bike you’ll need. Full suspension. You can easily can climb 2000+ metres in altitude to ride trails that would be very difficult to reach. Includes various types and the kinds of bikes used, as well as the 'rules' and methods for each kind of riding. A look at the different types of mountain biking. Soft tail − A frame with some amount of rear suspension. The goal of this guide to 16 different types of mountain biking is to provide you with an understanding of the most popular mountain biking disciplines. It also requires significant control in order to maneuver through the trail. Mountain biking is the activity of riding a bicycle on different kinds of off-road trails. However not all bikeparks are equal so you may be able to ride a black line in one destination then in another struggle on a red. They have a slack design that makes the bike more aerodynamic. Along with DH it is one of the MTB styles and disciplines that gets the most media attention. However, some bikes offer more features that can be useful based on your skill level. Trail. Where and how you ride your bike can make all the difference. But don’t worry you can have just one bike and make do. Dirt jumping is just as the name implies. Tires need to be more robust as well. Before long your riding will have outgrown your bike and an upgrade is in order. Again, bigger volume tyres help out on the downhills and a short stem and wide bar give you maximum control. They combine the low weight of XC bikes with adaptability of AM and the high performance of DH bikes. A suspension travel between 80 and 120mm will make riding through gravel and debris more comfortable while textured tires add more traction. Hybrid bike. Thanks to our old friend gravity, riding down hill is one of the greatest pleasures you can have on any bike. Mountain biking is not the same as road cycling, the position is more dynamic and as such, there is no ‘recommended’ ideal bar height. Types of Mountain Bikes So what’s the deal with all these mountain bike styles these days? Mountain Bike Brakes | Types and Styles. It also requires significant control in order to maneuver through the trail. Trials. If you’re looking for something more action-packed, all mountain biking is the way to go. So anything that is the equivalent of what would be used in Enduro racing. The trails are normally manmade and stuffed with jumps, berms and other features. Trail riding. Freeride MTB is a combination of downhill and dirt jumping. We have chosen the … All aspects from the climbing, descending, and everything in between has our body working up a sweat. Tracks are short taking around 30-60 seconds and it is a good spectator sport. Again this is not really a mountain bike discipline, but it’s worth including. To help you decide on what kind of bike you should be looking for and with what kind of features, here's a summary of the common forms of mountain bike riding. The frame geometry is designed to optimise peddling – particularly climbing. Downhill bikes have thick low(ish) pressure tyres that conform to the terrain and provide better grip. There are two different styles. Bikepark trails are usually graded green (beginner), blue (easy), red (difficult) or black (expert). … Wheels are usually very strong and robust, as is the frame, as they take a lot of punishment. Traditionally, enduro is a competitive type of mountain biking that combines elements of DH, XC and AM. After landing – hopefully safely – you hit the next jump. In areas where routes are maintained you’ll get some banked corners (berms) to make the ride more flowing and other features to improve the ride. Most cross country trails involve long periods of climbing and descending the mountain. Singletrack. The right mountain bike can have a big effect on your ride. Well it... DH (Downhill), Dirt Jumping, Dual Slalom, Electric Bikes, eMTB, Enduro, Fatbiking, Four Cross, Freeride, Full Suspension, Hardtail, Single Track, Touring, Trail Riding, XC (Cross Country). It involves taking a normal mountain bike off-road on ... Hardtail. Stay Loose. Ramps of varying heights are present to provide riders of all skills with a challenge. Trail bikes are basically more aggressive cross country bikes. So enduro is a stern test for complete riders. For most people, this is their entry into the wonderful world of mountain biking. With big jumps and drops, a rear suspension travel between 130 and 170mm is needed. Most dirt jump bikes don’t have suspension, although some have stiff front suspension with a little travel. Essentially, it involves riding through the mountain’s natural terrain. We have gone for what we feel is a logical order for this guide to 16 different types of mountain biking. Single track tourers use either cross country , all mountain or enduro bikes. Mountain Biking Tips for Beginners. Because the discipline focuses mainly on tricks and style, bikes are pretty simple. So you have more control when descending but can make still ride uphill under pedal power. Downhill mountain bikes are heavy and are not made for climbing. Choosing the right bike for your discipline will ensure that you make the most out of your ride. For mountain bikes, here are the sub-types: Hardtail: As the name suggests, these often have suspension forks on a rigid frame. The frame geometry puts the seat lower than the handlebars to make riding downhill easier. They are frequently located in ski resorts and make use of the gondolas and chair lifts so you don’t have to cycle uphill. All mountain sits between XC and DH with blurred boundaries between them all. Fatbikes use oversized tyres that are around 97 mm (3.8″) thick. So getting huge air and performing tricks while heading down hill. Novice Mountain Bicycle Skills Hill cycling is an interesting sport that can beenjoyed by anybody who understands how to ride a bike.Contrasted to the typical… Mountain Biking Safety Tips There are numerous ways that you can improve your mountain bike safety. Cheap full suspension bikes can be very heavy and provide minimal benefit over a hardtail. Best for: Your back-up bike. 27.5 bikes are mountain bikes that are built to use 650B or ISO 584 mm wheels. Classic & Skate Style Roller Skis, Which are Best for Beginners? Trail mountain bikes are perhaps the most commonly used mountain bikes out there. Either way, most of these trails and riding areas incorporate big drops and a number of obstacles. How do blind people navigate when outdoors. Your job is to let your bike do its job. They help you ride on difficult surfaces such as sand, snow or mud. For most people, this is their entry into the wonderful world of mountain biking. BMX Typically they have full suspension with travel of 140-160 mm although hardtails are still used by some riders. Instead, they use their focus and control to successfully get down the mountain at the fastest speed possible. MTB styles and disciplines. The most common form of mountain biking is cross country. You’ll find out about the varied MTB styles and disciplines. While trails may be present to guide bikers, they aren’t easy to maneuver by any means. Single track is generally natural without lots of manmade features, usually they are also multi use so watch out for walkers. While most biking competitions are about speed, trials are the exception. Instead, riders allow their creativity and skill to take over. However they are typically lighter weight then DH rigs and smaller to make them more agile. Trail riding bikes do not need suspension, although many have front suspension for comfort. Metal springs and rear shocks ensure that you stay comfortable and retain control of the bike even on the biggest drop. Dual-cross bikes usually have slack head angles, short chainstays and low bottom brackets to allow good cornering and rapid acceleration. They also allow you to move faster without exerting too much energy with pedaling. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. You can use a hardtail XC bike on intermediate downhill trails and you could take a AM bike on more punishing routes. 29ers are mountain bikes that are built to use 700C or ISO 622 mm wheels. What’s not to like about riding, further, faster and for longer? Follow Hix Magazine - Everything for Men's board Sports and Games for Men on Pinterest. They are usually single speed and normally only have a rear brake, which is usually a disc. A bikepark is just a dedicated area for mountain biking with managed routes. The frame geometry will be somewhere between that of the XC and DH bikes. Of course you don’t have to choose just one of the MTB styles and disciplines. To goal of downhill riding is speed. Downhill bikes are a specialized type of mountain bike with a very strong frame, altered geometry, and long-travel suspension. As with other freestyle disciplines the idea is that the rider attacks the jump, and gets creative doing tricks while airborne. Just get out and ride how you like. BMX is a style where the bikes offer 20 inch wheels. The downhill mountain bike is used for riding downhill quickly and is designed with this specific purpose in mind.. Waterproof Golf Shoes,… Which Ones are Best? They are heavy and look a bit like motorbikes. Just like motorsports have numerous race disciplines, the same is true of mountain biking. These types of trails are unpredictable and much more adventurous than a standard cross country trail. In fact, most riders don’t use a specific trail at all. Every snowboarder's nightmare is when getting to resort finding out that their snowboard has been damaged! Riders take on large uphills – usually at their own pace – in order to attack timed downhill sections. The aim is to simply be the first one past the post. It’s dramatic to watch and even more exciting to get involved in. The main disciplines are downhill, cross-country, slopestyle, enduro and four-cross. You lucky thing! As the name implies you will still be riding uphill and downhill. This type of mountain biking takes advantage of the natural terrain and special features built into the trail, such as ladders, ramps, and beams. At the end of the day, the types and styles of riding are just a very loose set of rules. The challenge lies in achieving the right speed to perform a variety of tricks before safely landing on the other side. Trail: This is arguably the most common mountain biking style because the category isn’t grounded in any specific type of racing. Orcieres downhill mountain biking holiday in France: Alps MTB! However, most trail riding can be done on a hybrid or a cheap MTB with no suspension. The suspension travel determines how much give the bike has as it goes through the terrain. The swingarm is shown in red. Keeping weight down is always a factor and rather than paniers they tend to use a backpack. You carry your own equipment and the goal is to travel self sufficiently by bike. Dirt jumping mountain bikes have rigid frames and a lower standover height, keeping the seat well out the way when performing tricks. XC bikes usually have lockable front suspension with around 100-120 mm travel. It’s incredibly challenging, requiring great skill, control, and fearlessness. Rigid − A frame with rigid form and no suspension. It involves riding for extended periods of time through trails. Additional features, such as guide chains and a tilted head will provide quick and precise control. Also check out out MTB holiday discounts, as whatever your style you could save a fortune. First, there’s no patent on the design, meaning brands don’t have to pay anyone royalties to use it. The newer ones are incredibly light, and easy to pedal. It involves taking a normal mountain bike off-road on to trails, such as bridleways, multi use paths and other non technical tracks. The dirt lines are often placed close together, allowing bikers to easily move from one level to another. It focuses on the art of mountain biking and tricks. Trials are about agility, balance and a little bit of creativity. You can ride many different ways and as you get more into one style than another buy a new bike for that speciality. The sport has over the years diversified into many riding styles or disciplines, with each discipline requiring a unique mountain bike design, kit and trail type. Mountain bike racing (shortened MTB or ATB racing) is the competitive cycle sport discipline of mountain biking held on off-road terrain. Taking on a long distance off road tour you’ll encounter many different types of terrain. Most often, there are no rules or guidelines to follow. They either walk up a specific trail or are taken up via a lift system. At £750 the B’Twin Rockrider 560s is about the cheapest you can get a good quality full suspension bike for. There’s nothing to stop you using a hardtail or lightweight cross country bike as this will make the uphill much easier, but you’ll find the downhills tough going. Experienced riders often use simple bikes that allow them to perform aerial tricks without the hindrance of added weight and numerous features. But as opposed to XC the emphasis is on the downhill and throwing the bike around. It’s one of the most extreme forms of mountain biking and requires excellent skill and control. But many of the different MTB styles overlap. They are also much heftier than the standard mountain bike, as they are put through a lot of wear and tear. They are typically the most affordable type… Most mountain bikers move from wide multi purpose routes to narrower trails known as singletrack. It is just any bike that only has front suspension. This flexibility is the beauty of mountain biking. Best Electric Mountain Bike : Rattan Challenger Pro 26 Inch Electric Bicycles. So if you have a low budget it may be better to go hardtail. Types of mountain biking Trail riding. Beware! Of the many types of MTB, downhill is the most often shown on TV. However, if it gets more people into the outdoors doing exercise than it has to be a good thing. Ideally without gravity turning all nasty and you eating dirt. They help you take up the correct body position and eat up lumps, bumps, roots and drops for breakfast. TRAIL BIKES. If you’re interested in meeting up with friends at the local trailhead and riding a mixture of climbs and descents, then this is the style for you. But due to the racing culture behind it, it is considered to be more extreme.Â. We hope you found this guide to 16 different types of mountain biking useful. Most people ride all sorts of trails and some have different bikes for different kinds of riding. This allows you to go through intricate features of the trail or riding area. So you really want them to stop quickly when you need them to. The first type tend to be road/dirt track tourers on mountain bikes. They generally have full suspension systems with at least 170mm of suspension travel to absorb the shock of a drop. Picking out the best mountain bike can seem like a complicated business. How to Handle Snakes in a Safe and Controlled Manner.. Mountain biking doesn't always involve flying along with the clock breathing down your back. To face the mountain’s natural terrain with confidence, you’re going to need a rugged bike designed for the task. The single suspension makes the bike easier to maneuver and allows you to make quick moves with better precision. These types of mountain bikes are usually hauled up a chairlift or in a vehicle and then ridden downhill. Think Red Bull Rampage. Dual slalom is racing down two similar tracks that are side by side. nearly always with full suspension but usually a little smaller to make tricks easier. Freeride bikes are made to be used in a variety of different applications. Anyone who can ride a bike can try downhill and you don’t need a DH bike for the easy trails. A high front suspension is common among these bikes to absorb the shock of a landing after an epic jump. Essentially, dirt jumping is about tricks and air. If you plan on taking up freeriding, you’ll be met with a variety of different types of trails and riding areas. Downhill tracks are graded by their difficulty from green to blue to red to black – much like ski runs. It involves riding for extended periods of time through trails. However not all routes are as difficult as you’ll see the likes of Aaron Gwin and the Atherton’s racing down. The front forks are usually single crown. Hard tail − A frame with front suspension fork but no rear suspension. Where they offer most benefit is in areas without uplift. It’s from trail riding that lifelong MTBers are born. The overall terrain is pretty flat – so you are not riding downhill. Based on the use of suspension, there are four types of bikes −. You can do it on trails and different types of rough terrain. You won’t be as fast, or as comfortable as some one with specialist kit. Seasoned riders face steep ramps to achieve the most air possible. Single pivot designs are common among entry-level bikes for a number of reasons. Unlike downhill, XC riding will see you peddling most of the time and covering long distances under your own power. They are usually made from piled and shaped dirt – yes the clue is in the name. It is usually practiced with rigid bikes (only with fork suspension) and is the mode by which most amateurs start generally. Comment document.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "a58e7b17af9cc2fc468fc07874509e7a" );document.getElementById("b7d49bbcbb").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Different Types of Mountain Bikes and Disciplines Explained. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. While they are also mainly made for riding downhill, they do perform better ascending a trail than downhill bikes. If we have missed any MTB styles and disciplines please let us know in the comments below. Having conquered the climb, the descents are what really make up for it. The features are pretty big and come in quick succession, often forming a circuit that can be looped. These Shimano combo pedals have a clip on only one side. The bike is similar to a downhill rig. While all mountain bikes are designed to withstand the rigorous off-road terrain and constant wear and tear, there are actually numerous types of bikes made for different disciplines. Although most riders have full suspension some ride hardtails. Top 8 Best Golf Swing Analyzers (for 2019), Churchill Swim Fins Comparison, Makapuu, Slasher and the “Hubb”, Choosing the Best Bodyboard (for your build and weight), Protection: What to Wear for a Game of Paintball …, The Top 7 Best Polarized Fishing Sunglasses of 2019, Top 17 Best Snake Proof Boots for Hiking & Hunting, Best Paintball Guns with Reviews and Safety Advice, Best Paintball Masks for Thorough Face & Eye Protection. While it doesn’t usually involve extreme obstacles like other forms of mountain biking, it does require great endurance. Since speed and control are what makes a downhill ride successful, these bikes are uniquely designed and easier to distinguish. Cross Country (XC) Cross Country racing is the most popular mountain biking discipline and also the least extreme amongst the other forms. For most people, this is their entry into the wonderful world of mountain biking. I once heard a story of a blind man in Cornwall whose assistance dog ran off so he found his way home one evening by using the warmth of the sun on his face. Often XC riding combines normal trails with purpose built sections that may have small obstacles like logs and jumps. Of the different MTB styles and disciplines this is one of the most varied and can be done as most of the mountain biking types below. The Top 7 Best Mens Golf Pants (stylish & comfortable), Making a Golf Cart Street Legal (how to & necessities), Stay Focused on the Golf Course (the mental game), The Best Rated Golf Clubs for Seniors (and why…). And as we all know rules are there to be broken. Bikes made for all mountain riding are usually full suspension for maximum control and comfort. On a full susser you’ll enjoy a more comfortable ride and it helps you handle gnarly terrain. These bikes are commonly used at skate … Very simply it is a path that is only wide enough for one bike at a time. With a single pivot design, the rear axle pivots around a single point (shown in yellow) and the shock is attached between the rear axle and a part of the frame (usually the top tube or down tube). Your mountain bike brakes, literally keep you alive. Women’s Runderwear review: Best underwear for running? Bikepark. If you like to go jogging then you may know that the right underwear can make a huge difference to your comfort. They are especially beneficial if you’re on a trail that requires more effort on the descent. , control, and everything in between has our body working up a chairlift or a... Recently, but these old school cross country bikes is beneficial disc break system simplicity... To easily move from wide multi purpose routes to narrower trails known freestyle... And don ’ t worry too much energy with pedaling it makes climbing a bitter sweet affair heavy and minimal! You to move faster without exerting too much about what mountain biking discipline also! 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