The Self does not reside in them but they reside in him (7.12). The word guna has three meanings in Sanskrit viz., quality, strand of rope, and secondary. Prakriti is considered to be a feminine, creative energy. It is the three gunas born of prakriti – sattva, rajas, and tamas – that bind the immortal Self to the body. The gunas are born from Prakriti. GUNAS and Prakriti In the yoga tradition and the Indian philosophical system of Samkhya we come across the use of the term `gunas`. Sattva – pure, luminous, and free from sorrow – binds us with attachment to happiness and wisdom. The eternal atman is entrapped within successive temporary bodies made of matter (prakriti). This is known as the state of guna ksobha. Only sattva is a desirable Guna, but all three are driven by Prakriti. Gunas in Sanskrit means a strand or a rope. In The Bhagavad Gita, Krishna explains the Prakriti meaning. Disturbance in the Gunas: Gunas, the constituents of Prakriti, exist in a state of equilibrium before creation. Before creation, they remain inactive and in a state of perfect balance in the Primordial Nature (mula Prakriti). The ancient teachings of yoga, like the Samkhya Philosophy and also the Bhagavad Gita, talk about three essential aspects of nature. The gunas of prakriti are not qualities but substances. In essence these are seen as the three basic forces of nature - prakriti. Rajas is passion, arising from selfish desire and attachment. These three combine and re-combine so as to form the various aspects of mind, senses, and the five elements: earth, water, fire, air, and space. Gunas: Prakriti (primordial "matter") has three characteristics or attributes of lightness (sattvas), activity (rajas), and stability (tamas). Category Education Prakriti is the source of the three Gunas—sattva, rajas, and tamas. Become a liberated ‘purush’ by rising above the three gunas of the prakruti. Prakriti is composed of three gunas (or elements): Creation (rajas) Preservation (sattva) Destruction (tamas) The three gunas give movement to the force of prakriti in the world, allowing modification and change to that which is primal and original in nature. These three phases correspond to the three gunas – qualities or modes Thus saliva, rajas and tamas are the three gunas in prakirti. PART II: THE SADHANA PADA Chapter 65: Karma, Prakriti and the Gunas. Read more about the Prakriti meaning and how it drive action through the Gunas. These are called the Gunas. It was pointed out in an earlier sutra that the subject of knowledge is a characteristic that is brought about by a mixture of … Prakāśa kriyā sthiti śīlaṁ bhūtendriyātmakaṁ bhogāpavargārtham dṛśyam (II.18) is a very complicated aphorism which describes the nature of the object of knowledge. In this, the first to change is the rajas, because it is active and dynamic by nature. The three gunas (inherent qualities) of the non-self are sattva, rajas and tamas. This state of equilibrium is disturbed when there is nearness of the Prakriti with the purusa. Lord Krishna told Arjuna, “Become free from the three gunas of the prakruti”. Everything made of matter undergoes three stages of existence – (1) it is created, (2) it remains for some time and, (3) it is inevitably destroyed. Three Gunas of nature are: Satva(Purity and balance, Rajas(Activity) and Tamas (Inertia).Universe is the product of interaction of these Gunas. If you remain in these qualities of the prakruti, you become subservient and weak. Tamas All of creation (Prakriti or universal nature) is made up of these three qualities called : 1. The Three Gunas. These bind the Self with compulsive action. Gunas of Prakriti: According to Samkhya, the state of equilibrium of saliva, rajas and tamas is called prakriti.

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