They do not require assistance breaking free from the shells, but some owners cut open ball python eggs. one from each parent) in order to show the Axanthic coloration. The breeding of ball pythons generally takes about a year’s time. You can use a water-based lubricant to help the probing be a smoother and more comfortable process for the snake. Ball pythons are "cycled" before breeding. Size. Save my name and email in this browser for the next time I comment. You can also give away or sell these ball python hatchlings to other reptile keepers, breeders, and pet owners. Breeding ball pythons require a lot of patience. Once the baby snakes have hatched, they will soon go into their first shed cycle. Unwrap it from the eggs and place her in a separate container. Keep in mind that the enclosure should be small enough for the hatchling ball python to still feel secure. probe with your fingers so that you mark how deep the probe went into the When cycling, the cold spot of the ball python’s enclosure can drop to 72-75°F and the hot spot 82-85°F. At this point, it’s time to let nature take its course. Females are usually ready to breed by their third year of life. She leaves them on the ground away from predators by warming them until hatching (between 55 and 60 days). When a ball python at the St. Louis Zoo laid several eggs this summer, her caretakers were baffled. A healthy, fertilized egg is large and white. Her scales may also seem to glow more than usual. What Collapsing Eggs in Snakes Means, How To Pick Up a Ball Python for The First Time, Why Does My Ball Python Burrow? Ball python hatchlings are hungry for rodents (pinkies). These are good signs that your female snake is gravid – which is to say, it is ovulating and creating eggs. You can use the same male to breed with multiple females. Parental care stops after hatching, and the young have to fend for themselves after birth; we humans are fortunate. The gestation period is about 44 to 54 days. How deeply the probe went in will tell you if you have a male or female ball python. After about 60 days, the eggs will hatch. In order to have a 100% clutch of Axanthic Pythons both parents must be homozygous. Ball python clutches can be up to 11 eggs. Ball pythons are not like mammals when it comes to reproduction. When cycling, the cold spot of the ball python’s enclosure can drop to 72-75°F and the hot spot 82-85°F. Ball Python Breeding. Snakesforpets.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for me to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites. Incubate the ball python eggs at 83 degrees Fahrenheit. The males will notice each other, raising themselves into nearly vertical standing positions. Our ball python breeding building is … Normally you want to keep your ball pythons in separate enclosures, but at this time you can put 2 or more males together. by Lolly Brown | Jan 29, 2017. Timing is key throughout this delicate time. Whether you are considering breeding ball pythons or want to learn more about these fascinating creatures, one of the first things you should understand is their breeding season. No matter how many babies we hatch the excitement of seeing a brand new baby pipping out of the egg just never goes away! The Axanthic gene is inherited through recessive genetics. Ball Python Breeding for Beginners. You want your snake’s body to be firm to the touch with a good, stocky torso. The males are smaller than the females, so they only need to be around 600 grams before they are big enough to breed. Ball Pythons for Sale in the United States. Females will begin to swell, producing follicles, and then she will ovulate. To breed ball pythons, you need to get the necessary equipment. A good rule of thumb to follow is that the ball python should be above 1,500 grams in weight. The ball pythons will remain connected in their lock for at least 4 hours to ensure successful breeding. Python Care. Males are ready to breed a little earlier. The hatchlings are not much different than adult ball pythons, and can be kept in a simple set-up with paper towel substrate, a small hide and a water dish. In the wild, this season usually falls in the colder period or rainy season of the year. Hatchrite is pre-moistened and easiest to use. Just make sure to keep track of which snakes have already locked together so you don’t try to mate with an already gravid snake. You need to have an egg incubator ready. early November). Instead, you should transfer the eggs from the habitat to an incubator. Males compete for females in the wild, so this will encourage him to mate. While the female will try to incubate her eggs, they will thrive in an incubator. They will settle down and connect with each other in a position known as a lock. Do not try to “fatten up” your snake to reach the 1,500-gram threshold. Next, breeding these pythons is not an easy task. After a successful lock. Separate the snakes into small hatchling enclosures. Ellis and M.A. At this point, the male will be ready to breed, and be much more interested in the female. On average, a ball python will live for 20 years or more in captivity. Hi, I'm Lou. Once the female lays her eggs, it is up to the breeder whether they want to leave the eggs with the female (for maternal incubation) or gently unwrap the female and take the eggs away to inclubate them at around 89°F. However, successful breeding of ball pythons relies on more than simply putting a male and a female together in a cage and hoping for the best. They have a specific time of the year which the male and the female mate reproduce. Be careful during this time not to interrupt, frighten, or otherwise disturb your mating snakes. (with Video), Ball Python Tank Setup Ideas for New Snake Owners, Bumblebee Ball Python Genetics (with Breeding Information Guide), https://www.snakesforpets.com/ball-python-breeding-for-beginners/. According to the Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, this clutch size limit may be due to how many eggs a typical female ball python could successfully cover and appropriately incubate in the wild. At the same time, it is an exciting experience in which you get to witness and take care of a new life. Many people feel the next logical step in the world of keeping snakes is breeding them. Ball pythons are usually easy to breed. These snakes are not overly social animals and really only come together to breed in the wild. This terrestrial species is known for its defense strategy that involves coiling into a tight ball when threatened, with its head and neck tucked away in the middle. For females, this can mean becoming egg bound (not being able to pass the eggs) and for males, it can mean dangerous weight loss if they stop eating while breeding - which is not uncommon. Breeding Season. Once the snakes separate on their own, it is time to move the male snake back to its enclosure. Her behavior around feeding time may vary widely, with her one day seeming ravenous for more than her usual share of food, and the next day suddenly not showing any interest in food at all. The rodent can injure the baby snake. Make sure that you have appropriate food … bitten, pick up the snake from behind. the baby ball pythons have been born, it’s time to get them to their new homes. You can allow the temperature to rise again during the day to normal levels. Normally, this process begins in October. (Pros vs. Cons of Cutting Snake Eggs), Ball Python Eggs Look Deflated? You can set up these enclosures during the In captivity, the breeding season for this animal begins in November and lasts through March, but the ball pythons in the wild have a slightly different timeline. With both males and females, keep an eye on their body structure. The female will begin to lay her eggs around 30 to 50 days after the pre-lay shed. Do not disturb them while coupling to allow them time to mate. Transfer the eggs into the incubator, keeping them right-side up. When you are breeding a ball python, you want to bring those temperatures down, particularly during the night. Basic Ball Python Genetics Children inherit genes from their parents that give them varied physical appearance, such as color and pattern mutations. Are you going to keep the hatchlings, sell them, or give them away? The process used to determine the sex of a ball python is called probing. Before you breed your ball pythons, think about your plan for the future. Ball python weight and feeding sizes. A vital part of this is thoroughly cleaning and sanitizing her enclosure. This site does not constitute snake medical advice, please consult a licensed veterinarian for medical advice. Hold the If you skip the cleaning step, then the snake may assume that she still has eggs and try to incubate something in her enclosure, such as the bedding or the water dish. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, Why Cut Open Ball Python Eggs? Ball python clutches can be up to 11 eggs. The breeding season can bring on a fast and this might be the cause of your ball python not eating. It can be difficult to tell what sex your snakes are. It’s up to the snake owner if they want to take this step, but it is truly a rewarding, exciting and amazing experience. In captivity, they are considered good pets, with their relatively small size and placid nature making them easy to handle. I have had males breed as early as 4 1/2 months and as light as 394 grams. Often, when you first introduce a male ball python to a female ball python, the snakes will not be interested in each other. If eggs are laid, many times the neonates perish during incubation or shortly after. Some breeders will keep their ball python’s lighting schedule at 12 hours of light and 12 hours of dark, but others will change this to 10 hours of light and 14 hours of dark. Before you breed your ball pythons, think about your plan for the future. Be Don’t know how to get started breeding? We will usually not see this until the follicles are 10mm or larger. If so, try again the next day. Regarding appearance, the female may get a kind of “lumpy” look to their belly or lower half of the body. This can also lead to the snake refusing to eat. Sometimes male ball pythons are ready to breed in their first year. Chappell: Ball python reproduction of body heat (derived metabolically or gained by solar basking). After their first shed cycle, you can present the hatchlings with their first meal. When getting close to laying females will go off of food while the males might take a 3-6 month food hiatus while they stalk the ladies. Secondly, you should have a customer base to sell these hatchlings or you will have to keep feeding and cleaning them for life. The presence of another male triggers a competitive nature in the snake. please check out this step by step ball python breeding guide. 394 T.M. Do not be concerned if you notice the ball pythons fighting a little. This period is called ball python Breeding Season. gentle but firm with your ball python snake while removing it from its clutch. Breeding can be difficult, but to the true python lover it is sure to be a rewarding experience. Caring For Your Ball Python. Therefore, to breed your ball pythons, you should keep their enclosure cooler than usual. The family Pythonidae contains some of the largest snakes snakes in the world, according to Sara Viernum, Wisconsin-based founder of The Wandering Herpetologist. Males are much smaller, and should be at least 700 grams before breeding. This should be a pinky mouse. You should wash the snake as well, using mild soapy water. Lets go. While the female will try to incubate her eggs, they will thrive in an incubator. Females then lay their eggs at the end of the following dry season. Even if a 2-year-old ball python is that weight, it is still too young to breed, and so you should be patient for another year. Is your female ball python ovulating? Breeding Ball Pythons is not simply something you just do one day, it is an event which consumes an entire year. About 6 weeks later, when the female lays her eggs, put them in an incubator. Put the male into the female ball python’s enclosure. Does your male ball python smell an ovulating female? Frozen prey is much safer for captive snakes. This cleaning will get rid of the scents related to eggs and giving birth. Some will breed earlier, but that is the exception rather than the rule. MorphMarket currently has 23818 Ball Pythons for sale listed by 1852 Ball Python Sellers in … This includes an egg box, perlite or vermiculite substrate, and an incubator. The probe will go in more deeply with a male snake, going in 7-10 sub-caudal scales deep. An obese snake will not be healthy enough to breed. A female will start producing follicles if she feels that the temperatures are sufficient and that her body weight is correct. This will mimic the ball python’s natural living environment and allow the female to become fertile. Then you will find yourself playing the waiting game. 4.1 out of 5 stars 12. Remember this when considering whether it’s the right pet for you. This probe enters the cloaca going towards the tip of the snake’s tail. A Ball python can reach 3 to 4 feet in length when fully grown. When the follicles have reached 20mm we will slate that female as having a high probability of breeding. The baby ball pythons will hatch from their eggs. If you are planning on keeping all of the snakes, have enclosures ready for It will answer all the questions on how to take care of your new snake so it can live a long happy, healthy life. Ball Python Breeding Timeline In Africa Ball Pythons breed during the end of the shorter rainy season (i.e. To get started, lower the ambient air temperature in your snakes' cages to the mid-70s Fahrenheit at night for 3 months, returning temperatures to normal during the day. The new skin is often even more colorful. Around 2-3 weeks after the ball python begins to ovulate, she will shed her skin. For each gene a parent carries, it has a 50% chance of passing it down to its offspring. 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