If conditions are favorable in your garden for the plant to set seed and re-seed itself, you can be assured of a carpet of bloom for years to come. The beautiful bluebonnet is to Texas what the shamrock is to Ireland's floral trademark. Texas Bluebonnet (Lupinus texensis) The Bluebonnet was adopted as the State Flower of Texas in 1901 and is most often seen in beautiful floral displays along road sides and in pastures all over the State. Don't use the same bacterium strain used for peas or beans for your bluebonnets. Most people just don’t think about bluebonnets until they want that perfect family picture in spring; but wait until then to plant your own seeds and you will be … Root Development. Want to Dig Deeper with TxDOT Archeology? Seed may be planted September 1 through December 15; however, for best results, plant seeds no later than mid-November. According to the Texas Department … These bacterium known as rhizobium form nodules on the roots of the bluebonnet plant and are able to fix atmospheric nitrogen (this is the conversion of atmospheric nitrogen to a form usable by plants). Gardeners can get around their notoriously low germination rate by preparing the seed in advance. After they flower, let seeds mature -- it takes about eight weeks -- until they drop and you can pull or mow the plants.  •  In general, the first flowers open about March 15 in the southern part of the state, and in the more northern part of the state, first flowers may not show before May 1. Find photos and planting instructions on our Seeds page or go directly to our Pricing/Order Form. Seed scarification is essential if you wish to increase your germination rate. Bluebonnets need full sun to grow their best. Plant the large, thick-skinned seed of the bluebonnet in the fall to give it time to germinate and put down roots so it's ready for its spring show. Full sun is also required for best growth. The germination process can continue over 18 months or more. Plant Characteristics. Planting can also be a family affair. How to Plant Your Own Field of Texas Bluebonnets. Texas bluebonnet seeds, planted in the fall, typically germinate within 15 to 75 days. Bluebonnets are Texas natives, but grow well anywhere the fall and winter are mild and wet. One plant has the potential to produce many hundreds of seeds, but often only a small number typically result, simply due to the decrease in pollinator numbers. Check for any visible swelling. Soaking in hot water -- about 185 degrees Fahrenheit -- that cools over 24 hours also works, though to a slightly lesser extent, if you have a lot of seeds to sow. Fertilization is not suggested, … Start your seeds in the early spring for summer blooms or late fall for early spring blooms. The same information appears on Propagation … Following Scarification Treatments, University of Texas at Austin Biological Sciences: Lupinus Texensis. To plant your own, you can use seeds gathered from wild bluebonnets (be sure to leave some behind on each plant) or you can buy them. Bluebonnets need time to sprout into small green rosettes of foliage -- just a few inches tall and wide. The Texas Highway Department has more tips on planting bluebonnets. Two good places in Central Texas to purchase them are the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, 4801 La Crosse Ave. in Austin, or Wildseed Farms, 100 Legacy Drive in Fredericksburg. The bluebonnet flowers are seen along Highway 408 Spur in Dallas. This means that the entire plant dies in the summer, during which time its seeds are ready to be dispersed for the coming year. 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