Follow him on Twitter at @ianrausten. “The fact of the matter is: I think it’s impossible to nail down,” he told me. The Santa Barbara oil spill has irritated already-sensitive public concern about oil pipelines. And Professor Christie added that while the Federal Court of Appeal decision may be good news for the energy industry in the short term, its broader effect on Indigenous relations may be corrosive. At a meeting in Houston, one of the larger towns in the region, some 200 people came out to discuss the pipeline project. More broadly, this month Mr. Trudeau’s government must approve or reject a huge oil sands project proposed by Teck Resources, which is opposed by both some Indigenous groups and many environmentalists. The ongoing debate in Canada over the extraction of hydrocarbon resources and their transportation to markets exemplifies the country’s political polarization. The Pipeline Debate, 8 May-6 June 1956, was one of the most famous confrontations in Canadian parliamentary history. Canada’s indigenous people are divided over the project. Professor Christie, who is of Inupiat and Inuvialuit ancestry, is of the view that it’s the chiefs, this decision and other suggest otherwise. Opponents of Trans Mountain say Canada can’t meet its 2030 Paris Agreement emissions target if it keeps adding infrastructure for high-emitting industries, such as the Trans Mountain pipeline. Thanks for contributing to The Canadian Encyclopedia. The Pipeline Debate (May 8 – June 6, 1956) was a political event in the history of the Parliament of Canada. The Pipeline Debate, 8 May-6 June 1956, was one of the most famous confrontations in Canadian parliamentary history. Among other things, it reopened the thorny issue of who speaks for Indigenous people when it comes to land: their hereditary chiefs or their elected band councils? Low oil prices and investor indifference may mean that the 20.6 billion Canadian dollar Frontier project will never be built. Demonstrations in support of the Wet’suwet’en Nation’s hereditary chiefs against a natural gas pipeline have spread across the country. The financing of the project was split 50–50 between American and Canadian interests. As they and the Opposition knew, laying the pipe had to begin by early June or nothing could be done until the next year. Howe argued that it must run entirely in Canada and deliver to Canadian consumers. Liberal Minister of Trade and Commerce C. D. Howe decided that a pipeline to carry natural gas from Alberta to central Canada was a national necessity. More is to come this year both on Trans Mountain and for Mr. Trudeau’s government. Signing up enhances your TCE experience with the ability to save items to your personal reading list, and access the interactive map. A Victory in Court for Pipelines but the Debate Continues. That includes the land controlled by Coldwater First Nation, one of the groups that challenged the pipeline in court. directed their ire at a shared target on … Howe argued that it must run entirely in Canada and deliver to Canadian consumers. Article content. The program has pitted the province of British Columbia, where the government fears a potential for disaster from increased oil tanker traffic, against neighboring Alberta, where Premier Jason Kenney has declared the pipeline’s potential to open Asia as a market for Canadian oil as vital. The pipeline is now operated by the Trans Mountain Corporation, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Canada Development Investment Corporation. Social Credit supported it, but the CCF and the Progressive Conservatives attacked the bill from every angle. Thrust increasingly into the public spotlight, regulatory audits posted online and every development the subject of a steady stream of news headlines, oil and gas pipelines – Keystone XL, Northern Gateway and Energy East in particular – have become a prominent fixture in our national daily dialogue. Bothwell, Robert. OTTAWA — Canada will move forward with a pipeline project that has set the country’s provinces against one another, opened rifts among its Indigenous communities and … Last month, the Supreme Court of Canada dismissed a claim by British Columbia’s government that it had the right to restrict the flow of oil from Alberta into its territory. Bothwell, R., Pipeline Debate, 1956 (2015). Canada’s prime ministerial debate was an insulting spectacle of pandering Green Party leader Elizabeth May and Justin Trudeau, Canadian prime minister and Liberal leader, debate in … A new and unusually rich award for fiction by a woman or nonbinary person and published in Canada or the United States has been created in the memory of Carol Shields, the author of the “Stone Diaries” who was born in Illinois but who spent most of her life in Canada. In 2018, the Federal Court of Appeal agreed that the government had not fulfilled its duty. Construction of the Trans Mountain pipeline expansion in Acheson, Alberta, in December. Our team will be reviewing your submission and get back to you with any further questions. The pipeline is now operated by the Trans Mountain Corporation, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Canada Development Investment Corporation. In. This week, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police renewed their enforcement measures along its route. Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has said he will work with the new US leader regarding the pipeline, and that he was "confident that the … Canada’s pipeline debate needs reality check Appeared in the Edmonton Journal It’s been a difficult couple of weeks for Kinder Morgan’s proposed expansion of the Trans Mountain pipeline. These are challenging times for Canada’s midstream oil and gas sector. Pipeline Debate in Canada Pipeline Debate. Canada's population was booming during the 1950s, and energy shortages were becoming problematic. Forward it to your friends, and let them know they can sign up here. Darryl Dyck/The Canadian Press, via Associated Press. The Canada Energy Regulator last … Canadian company TransCanada PipeLines Ltd. was incorporated in 1951 to undertake the construction of a natural gas pipeline across Canada. The pipeline debate is no longer a balanced discussion on what is best for the country. But he nevertheless found much of the decision troubling in terms of relations between Canada and its Indigenous people. But these substantive concerns were overshadowed by the procedural issue of closure, by which the Liberals placed a strict time limit on debate. That issue is among the questions at the heart of an injunction prohibiting the blockade of a natural gas pipeline under construction in British Columbia by hereditary leaders. It is, unquestionably, an important step in the plan to expand the pipeline between Alberta’s oil sands and a tanker port near Vancouver, a project Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s government deemed so important that it bought the pipeline from its American owners to make it happen. For T, The New York Times Style Magazine, Michael Snyder profiled the architect Omar Gandhi and his work to create a new Nova Scotia architecture. But the relatively new Canada Energy Regulator is about to hold hearings for the remainder. The C$7.4bn project would twin the existing 1,150km (715 mile) pipeline and increase capacity from 300,000 barrels per day to 890,000 per day from Alberta, the heart of Canada… The setting for this debate is the Paris Climate Accord under which, ... Marvin Shaffer endorses, with qualifications, the case for the pipeline. My colleague Dan Bilefsky attended an audience of sorts with Queen Victoria recently: “Wearing a crown, she now presides at his dining room table, as if in mid-conversation, with the figures of Queen Elizabeth II; Diana, Princess of Wales; and Winston Churchill. But the unanimous decision of the three judges is unlikely to be the last word on the divisive plan. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Breakdown: The Pipeline Debate and the Threat to Canada's Future. The decision by the Federal Court of Appeal this week to reject a challenge to the expansion of the Trans Mountain pipeline brought celebration to … We’re eager to have your thoughts about this newsletter and events in Canada in general. To find out, I spoke with Gordon Christie, a law professor at the University of British Columbia whose studies include Indigenous land rights and consultations. The government is not obliged to follow what Indigenous groups request — or even, ultimately, to get their consent. Liberal Minister of Trade and Commerce, to carry natural gas from Alberta to central Canada was a national necessity. The CCF preferred public ownership; the Conservatives objected to what they saw as American control. The pipeyard at the Trans Mountain facility in Kamloops, B.C. Union Jack napkins are at the ready, and multicolor Skittles are available for snacking.”. “The case law is clear that although Indigenous peoples can assert their uncompromising opposition to a project, they cannot tactically use the consultation process as a means to try to veto it,” the judges wrote. This was also the second time Indigenous groups had gone to court to argue that the federal government had failed to properly consult them on the pipeline. In 1954 Howe assembled a private syndicate of Canadian and American businessmen to give effect to. The Pipeline Debate, 8 May-6 June 1956, was one of the most famous confrontations in Canadian parliamentary history. In, Bothwell, Robert, "Pipeline Debate, 1956". The Federal Court of Appeal’s rejection of a challenge by Indigenous groups to the Trans Mountain pipeline won’t be the last word in the energy debate. HuffPost Canada. The debate, however, discredited Howe and the Liberals, and contributed to their defeat in the ​1957 general election. And stuck somewhat in the middle is Mr. Trudeau, who has consistently argued that Canada needs a strong energy industry to develop a carbon neutral future. This time, however, the court decided that the latest round of consultations met its test. Canadians are split 50/50 when it comes to the B.C.-Alberta dispute over the pipeline's expansion. The debate over Kinder Morgan’s Trans Mountain pipeline expansion is breaking down relationships between Indigenous groups, according to the chief of one B.C. Divided by a snowy city street and conflicting views, protesters on both sides of the pipeline debate in B.C. The pipeline is now operated by the Trans Mountain Corporation, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Canada Development Investment Corporation. Breakdown explores these tensions through economic, environmental, and political perspectives. One of the Indigenous groups involved in the case, the Tsleil-Waututh Nation, has said that it may now go to the Supreme Court of Canada. The issue was the building of an additional pipeline, a twinning, of the existing 65 year old line from the Alberta to a facility to load tankers in British Columbia at the Pacific coast. But Professor Christie said that because the ruling carefully followed previous Supreme Court rulings, the case may not even get a hearing. The Trans Mountain Pipeline project was approved in 2016 by the Trudeau administration and has been a topic of protest by environmentalists who claim that will raise the risk of oil spills in the Burrard Inlet and can’t be completed if the government is to meet its climate change commitments to cut Canada’s greenhouse gas emissions another 200 million tonnes a year by 2030. A 3700 km pipeline was completed from Burstall, Saskatchewan, to Montréal by October 1958, and TransCanada became a principally Canadian-owned company. This has become an endemic problem during discussions about pipelines and their function in modern Canada. Canada Energy Regulator is about to hold hearings for the remainder. Premier Jason Kenney of Alberta has made pipeline projects a litmus test. It has also divided Indigenous groups between those who fear its effects on their drinking water and traditional lands and those who see economic gains from it. The decision by the Federal Court of Appeal this week to reject a challenge to the expansion of the Trans Mountain pipeline brought celebration to Alberta’s government, a sigh of relief in Ottawa and indignation to the Indigenous groups that went to court as well as to many environmentalists. "Pipeline Debate, 1956". The government charged obstruction and the Opposition charged dictatorship, but the bill passed. A protest against the pipeline project in Vancouver in 2018. To get more pipes in the ground in the future, some argue a so-called 'Team Canada' approach is necessary. The Op-Docs series of short films from our colleagues in the Opinion side of The Times continues to be widely recognized. The appeal court, following previous decisions, was clear about one thing, however. What, exactly, makes a consultation with Indigenous people meaningful or reasonable? According to Canadian Broadcasting Corp., Wet’suwet’en people who came to the meeting said that “they want to see the natural gas pipeline built. I also recommend watching “Music and Clowns,” Alex Widdowson’s witty and warm story of life with a sibling with Down syndrome. Canada has a resource-dependent economy and in the short term would realize economic benefits from the pipeline, which enables diversification of export markets. Please send them to nytcanada@nytimes.com. For proponents of the pipeline project, the decision was their second consecutive legal victory. “It’s another colonial machine that’s driving us apart from one another,” Bonaparte Indian Band Chief Ryan Day told HuffPost Canada in an interview. Instead, half-truths are used as arguments designed to scare citizens toward the political left or right. Among the nominees in the Oscars’ Documentary Short Subject category this year is “Walk, Run, Cha-Cha,” the story of Paul and Millie Cao who reunited in California after the Vietnam War and four decades later are rediscovering themselves on the dance floor. After many vicissitudes, a bill to authorize the pipeline and provide a loan for part of its construction was introduced in May 1956. A new report has raised debate about the future of Canada’s energy production and the need for some big pipeline projects. , a corporate shell incorporated in 1951; a temporary predominance of the Americans in the syndicate raised charges that the pipeline was a sellout to American interests. Liberal Minister of Trade and Commerce C. D. Howe decided that a pipeline to carry natural gas from Alberta to central Canada was a national necessity. Just over two thirds of the detailed route for the pipeline expansion has been approved, allowing construction to go ahead. But the plan’s regulatory status has nevertheless gained vast symbolic importance for people on both sides of the energy debate. In the pipeline debate, even as some hereditary chiefs have refused to consent, all 20 elected bands along the route of the Coastal GasLink signed … bought the pipeline from its American owners, dismissed a claim by British Columbia’s government, prohibiting the blockade of a natural gas pipeline. The proposed Trans Mountain pipeline has divided Western Canada, inspiring passionate views and elevating tensions between British Columbia and Alberta. Breakdown: The Pipeline Debate and the Threat to Canada's Future - Kindle edition by McConaghy, Dennis, Yedlin, Deborah, Yedlin, Deborah. A native of Windsor, Ontario, Ian Austen was educated in Toronto, lives in Ottawa and has reported about Canada for The New York Times for the past 16 years. The project required very large sums of capital and specialized products and expertise. The project required very large sums of capital and specialized products and expertise. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. The Canadian Federal Court of Appeals overturned the country’s approval to move forward with the construction of the controversial oil pipeline in August 2018 and said the country failed to sufficiently consult affected indigenous tribes before making a final … “I had difficulty in finding anything that you could point to and say the law has not been applied correctly,” he said. First Nation. Definition of Pipeline Debate by Rand Dyck and Christopher Cochrane (in their book “Canadian Politics: Critical Approaches”) in the context of political science in Canada: The heated House of Commons debate in the mid-1950s regarding the construction of the Trans-Canada Pipeline in which the Liberals treated Parliament in a particularly arrogant way. Canada is entering the third week of protests and blockades over the construction of the $6.6 billion Coastal GasLink pipeline expansion project in Northern British Columbia. “The only thing I would predict for the future is that things will get murkier and more tense,” he said. In 1954 Howe assembled a private syndicate of Canadian and American businessmen to give effect to TransCanada Pipelines, a corporate shell incorporated in 1951; a temporary predominance of the Americans in the syndicate raised charges that the pipeline was a sellout to American interests. The Pipeline Debate, 8 May-6 June 1956, was one of the most famous confrontations in Canadian parliamentary history. Transmission pipelines are the most controversial kind, and there are already enough transmission pipelines in Canada to wrap around the world 20 times. Figures from Victoria’s now defunct Royal London Wax Museum at their owners’ home. 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